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Zero Tolerence Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Zero Tolerence Day


What’s in news?

International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation is being observed today.

Key data’s:

  • Date: The day was being observed on February 6, 2020 – as part of the UN’s efforts to eradicate female genital mutilation.
  • Aim: To end Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) by spreading awareness about the FGM – a violation of the human rights of girls and women. 
  • Rights involved: The practise of FGM is violating few rights available for girls and women;
    • It violates a person’s rights to health, security and physical integrity
    • It violates the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
    • It violates the right to life when the procedure results in death
  • Theme 2020:Unleashing Youth Power: One decade of accelerating actions for zero female genital mutilation“.
  • Introduced in: The day is being observed since 2003.
  • SDG: The elimination of FGM is a key target under Goal 5.

About Female Genital Mutilation:

  • What it is? The external female genitalia are removed partially or completely or another injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
  • It is also known as ‘circumcision.
  • Vulnerable groups: The girls between infancy and the age of 15 are vulnerable to this process. Even adult women may also undergo the procedure.
  • Practicing countries: Mainly performed in the African Countries {North-Eastern, Eastern and Western Africa}, in the Middle East Asia, in South-East Asia and among immigrants in Europe.
  • Complications: The complications because of practicing FGM will be shown as long-term and short-term;
    • Short-term complications include severe pain, excessive bleeding (haemorrhage), infections, urinary problems, death, etc.,
    • Long-term complications include urinary problems, sexual problems, menstrual problems, vaginal problems, psychological problems, etc.,
  • Reason: The various factors for practising FGM vary from place to place;
    • Due to Social belief among the community people.
    • Considered as a necessary part of raising a girl and also considered as a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage.
    • In order to cut increases marriageability.
    • In the name of religion, Etc.,


  • FGM is not only a catastrophic abuse of human rights that significantly harms the physical and mental health of millions of girls and women.
  • Across 30 countries, more than 200 million girls and women are subjected to the practice, currently.
  • Financial burden: On treating this FGM, the world is paying USD 1.4 billion / year in 2018 and this may increase to USD 2.3 billion / year in the next 30 years.

Links to note:

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