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Zero Tolerence Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Zero Tolerence Day

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ZERO TOLERANCE FOR FGM

What’s in news?

International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation is being observed today.

Key data’s:

  • Date: The day was being observed on February 6, 2020 – as part of the UN’s efforts to eradicate female genital mutilation.
  • Aim: To end Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) by spreading awareness about the FGM – a violation of the human rights of girls and women. 
  • Rights involved: The practise of FGM is violating few rights available for girls and women;
    • It violates a person’s rights to health, security and physical integrity
    • It violates the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
    • It violates the right to life when the procedure results in death
  • Theme 2020:Unleashing Youth Power: One decade of accelerating actions for zero female genital mutilation“.
  • Introduced in: The day is being observed since 2003.
  • SDG: The elimination of FGM is a key target under Goal 5.

About Female Genital Mutilation:

  • What it is? The external female genitalia are removed partially or completely or another injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
  • It is also known as ‘circumcision.
  • Vulnerable groups: The girls between infancy and the age of 15 are vulnerable to this process. Even adult women may also undergo the procedure.
  • Practicing countries: Mainly performed in the African Countries {North-Eastern, Eastern and Western Africa}, in the Middle East Asia, in South-East Asia and among immigrants in Europe.
  • Complications: The complications because of practicing FGM will be shown as long-term and short-term;
    • Short-term complications include severe pain, excessive bleeding (haemorrhage), infections, urinary problems, death, etc.,
    • Long-term complications include urinary problems, sexual problems, menstrual problems, vaginal problems, psychological problems, etc.,
  • Reason: The various factors for practising FGM vary from place to place;
    • Due to Social belief among the community people.
    • Considered as a necessary part of raising a girl and also considered as a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage.
    • In order to cut increases marriageability.
    • In the name of religion, Etc.,

Statistics:

  • FGM is not only a catastrophic abuse of human rights that significantly harms the physical and mental health of millions of girls and women.
  • Across 30 countries, more than 200 million girls and women are subjected to the practice, currently.
  • Financial burden: On treating this FGM, the world is paying USD 1.4 billion / year in 2018 and this may increase to USD 2.3 billion / year in the next 30 years.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/cancer-day/

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/female-genital-mutilation

https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2019/02/06/default-calendar/international-day-of-zero-tolerance-for-female-genital-mutilation

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