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Yakshagana scripts - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Yakshagana scripts

YAKSHAGANA SCRIPTS DIGITIZED

What’s in news?

More than 900 Yakshagana scripts have now been digitized and made available online for free.

Key data’s:

  • No. of Scripts: A total of 934 scripts has been digitized by about 100 professionals, including software engineers. The number of digitised scripts is expected to touch 1,000 by March-end.
  • Printed scripts: Few digitized printed scripts were as follows;
    • The Prahlada Charitre printed in 1905
    • Ramashwamedha printed of 1907
    • Putrakamesti published of 1913
    • Kanakangi Kalyana of 1929
    • Kumudhwati Kalyana of 1931
    • Sampoorna Ramayana printed in 1938 
  • Background: The process of digitization was launched in August 2019 and the first set of scripts scanned went online in October, 2019.
  • Available platforms: The PDF format scripts were made available through following platforms;
    • Website: prasangaprathi sangraha.com 
    • Mob Application: Prasanga Prathi Sangraha – released on December 15, 2019

What is Yakshagana?

  • Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form. Its stories are mainly drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and other Hindu epics.
  • Region: This theater style is mainly found in the coastal districts and the Malenadu region of Karnataka, India. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn.
  • Origin: This folk art is believed to have originated somewhere in between the 10th and 16th century.
  • Theme: This year, the art performed with the theme of Pandemic Corona Virus – but it was banned this year to perform due to the same.
  • Yakshagana is a separate genre of music, independent of Karnataka Sangeetha and the Hindustani music of India.
  • The music is based on ragas, which are characterized by rhythmic patterns called mattu and tala.
  • A performance usually depicts a story from the “Kavya” (epic poems) and the “Puranas” (ancient Hindu texts). 
  • Yakshagana is strongly influenced by the Bhakti movement.
  • Types: The two types of Yakshagana folk art are as follows;
    • The tenkutittu style
    • The Badagutittu style

Recent news:

  • The Yakshagana committee hosted the 60th annual Yakshagana in the Padmanur village, Karnataka.
  • The Karnataka government has banned Yakshagana shows across coastal Karnataka and Malnad districts to prevent community spread of COVID-19. 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/agriculture-export-policy-2018/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Mangalore/using-yakshagana-for-covid-19-awareness/article31157663.ece

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/over-900-yakshagana-scripts-go-digital/article31149254.ece

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