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Water Development

World Water Development Report 2019

  • The United Nations published the World Water Development Report (WWDR) 2019.
  • It is a comprehensive review that gives an overall picture of the state, use and management of the world’s freshwater resources and aims to provide decision-makers with tools to formulate and implement sustainable water policies.
  • Every year on 22nd March World observes World Water Day.
  • “Leaving No One Behind” is the theme of this year.
  • The 2019 theme reinforces the commitments made by the UN Member States in adopting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG- 6 ) and in recognizing the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation

Highlights of the report

  • Approximately 2.1 billion people do not have access to clean and readily available drinking water.
  • Half of the world’s population with inadequate access to safe drinking water lives in Africa and that only 24 Percent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa have access to safe drinking water.
  • By the year 2050, 45 Percent of global gross domestic product and 40 Percent of global grain production will be threatened by environmental damage and lack of water resources.

Groundwater Crisis in India

  • At 24 Percent, India uses the most groundwater drawn out globally — more than that of China and the US combined.
  • The rate of groundwater depletion has increased by 23 Percent between 2000 and 2010.
  • Also, India is the third largest exporter of virtual water (groundwater that is used to grow export-oriented, water-intensive crops)— 12 Percent of the global total.
  • India is currently ranked 120 among 122 countries in the water quality index, with 75 per cent of households that lack drinking water supply in their premises.
  • As the Indian government committed to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6 — which promises that by 2030 everyone will have access to clean water — decent sanitation and good hygiene.

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/ground-water-extraction/

https://en.unesco.org/water-security/wwap/wwdr/2019

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