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world Physiotheraphy Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
world Physiotheraphy Day

WORLD PHYSIOTHERAPY DAY

Key data’s:

  • The day is being celebrated on September 8 of every year since 1996.
  • The data has been selected because the World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT) was founded on this date in 1951.
  • Aim: To raise awareness about the crucial contribution our profession makes in keeping people well and independent.
  • Theme’19:Chronic pain”.
  • The theme has been chosen because, chronic pain, a significant burden on global health with low back pain causing more disability than any other condition.
  • Theme’18:Mental Health”.
  • The day marks the unity and solidarity of the global physical therapy community.
  • On this day, WCPT has produced a complete package of resources to help physical therapists plan and publicize events and campaigns.

 

CRANIOPAGUS SURGERY

What’s in news?

India’s only successfully separated craniopagus twins from Odisha were discharged from the All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS), two years after they were admitted, operated and started on rehabilitation at the hospital.

Key data’s:

  • This is the first successful craniopagus conjoined twin separation surgery from India wherein both the children have survived.
  • Globally, only 10-15 children have survived after surgical separation of this condition in the last 50 years.
  • This is an extremely rare condition seen in 1 in 25 lakh live births and any kind of surgical intervention in this condition is associated with 75-80% risk of life to one or both children. 

Who are Conjoined twins?

Conjoined twins are two babies who are born physically connected to each other.

Reason for this case:

  • Conjoined twins develop when an early embryo only partially separates to form two individuals.
  • Although two fetuses will develop from this embryo, they will remain physically connected, most often at the chest, abdomen or pelvis.

Types: 

Conjoined twins may be joined at any of these sites;

Craniopagus twins, Thoracopagus twins, Omphalopagus twins, Pygopagus twins, Rachipagus twins, Ischiopagus twins

Craniopagus twins:

Craniopagus twins are conjoined twins that are fused at the cranium {a skull which form the head of the vertebrates.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/two-headed-turtles/

https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=193050

https://www.physio-pedia.com/World_Physical_Therapy_Day

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