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World No Tobacco Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
World No Tobacco Day


What’s in news?

The World No Tobacco Day 2019 will focus on the adverse impact of tobacco on people’s health.

Key data’s:

  • Smoking can cause lung cancer, chronic respiratory disease besides wreaking havoc on your mental and physical health.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and its global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day every year on May 31 to create awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure.
  • Theme’19: Tobacco and lung health.
  • The theme focusing on the negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health and overall well-being.
  • It is never too late to quit as the WHO lists several immediate and long-term health benefits of quitting smoking.
  • According to World Health Organization (WHO), India contributes to 12% of the total population of world smokers. Nearly one third of Indians above 15 years are using some form of tobacco that leads to almost 40% of all the cancers.
  • Tobacco contains nicotine, the highly-addictive ingredient that makes you crave cigarettes. So, trying to quit can cause unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. This is where Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) might come in handy, by giving you nicotine in the form of gum, patches, sprays, inhalers, or lozenges sans the other harmful chemicals in tobacco.

Impacts of use of Tobaaco:

  • Tobacco is the cause of nearly 90% of oral and lung cancers, however there are various other tobacco related diseases.
  • These includes stroke, bronchitis, asthma, impotence, birth defects, etc. Smoking and chewing tobacco also lead to bad breath, stained teeth and early tiredness.
  • Smoking has an adverse effect on the ‘innocent bystanders’ who become victims of passive smoking.

Problems with tobacco products manufacturers:

  • Many families in India earn their livelihood by making tobacco products like beedis and are assisted by their children in its production.
  • Most of these children end up getting addicted to tobacco use in some form or the other.
  • Children who are not active users of tobacco also suffer by inhaling tobacco flakes while making beedis, which increases their risk of getting various cancers and lung diseases.

Following are the steps given by Dr Vedant Kabra for quitting tobacco;

  • S – Set a date and quit completely; simply reducing tobacco consumption would make you just bounce back. List the reasons why you want to quit and keep it with you.
  • T – Tell family and close friends to garner strength and support.
  • A – Anticipate and plan for difficult times. Keep a record of when, how much and why you smoke or use tobacco.
  • R – Remove all tobacco products from your vicinity.
  • T – Talk to your doctor to seek professional help for counselling and nicotine cravings; do not self-medicate.
  • Lastly, be prepared for relapse. Four out of five times the quitting trial fails! Nonetheless, keep trying.

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