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World Heritage Committee - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
World Heritage Committee


What’s in news?

The World Heritage Committee, has “regretted” the lack of response from local authorities on “concerns” raised about developmental projects in the world heritage site of Hampi.

Key data’s:

  • The World Heritage Committee (WHC), which supervises and advises on conservation of UNESCO world heritage sites.
  • The WHC also deliberated on reports of vandalism in a Vishnu temple in the World Heritage Property. 
  • The Committee approved the removal from the List of World Heritage in Danger of the sites of Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (Chile) and Birthplace of Jesus: the Church of the Nativity and Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem (Palestine). One property has been added to the List of World Heritage in Danger: the Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California (Mexico).

Background of the issue:

  • The issue pertains to road widening in the historical Kamalapur Tank area of Hampi, which had been viewed with serious concern by the WHC in their 41st session in 2017 at Krakow.
  • The State party — Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority (HWHAMA) — had been given time till December 2018 to respond to the committee’s observations.
  • The State party has not yet provided any information on proposal to widen a road near the Kamalapur tank area, which may have a negative impact on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.
  • Now, the WHC has requested for an updated state of conservation report by December 1, 2020, which will be examined by its advisory bodies.

UNESCO world heritage site:

  • A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance.
  • The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the General Assembly.
  • Each World Heritage Site remains part of the legal territory of the state wherein the site is located and UNESCO considers it in the interest of the international community to preserve each site.

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