WORLD HEALTH DAY
What’s in news?
Ministry of Health and family Welfare forms a Solidarity Human Chain and reaffirms commitment towards Universal health care.
- The world health day is being celebrated on April 7 annually since, 1950 to create an awareness of specific universal health which is a high priority of the World Health organization.
- The theme for 2019 is “Universal Health coverage: Everyone, everywhere”.
- Ministry of Health and family Welfare forms a Solidarity Human Chain as part of World Health day celebrations to reaffirms their commitment to bridging gaps and working collaboratively towards Universal Health coverage.
- This celebration emphasises our commitment to ensure all people and communities have access to quality healthcare services, where and when they required.
- As part of this we are doing with Ayushman Bharat, world’s largest Universal Health Scheme, which has two components namely Health and welfare Centres (HWC) for Primary Health care and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PHJAY) for secondary and tertiary care.
- These components can address the major challenges faced in achieving Universal Health cover.
- As part of this year’s event, the government assured of strengthening 1.5L health facilities as Health and Wellness centres which will deliver comprehensive Primary Health care to the rural and urban areas.
- More than 17,000 HWCs are operational across the country and providing services to Communicable and Non-Communicable diseases in addition to the existing service for reproductive and child health, etc.,
What is Universal Health Coverage?
- Universal health coverage is defined as “ensuring everyone in the world are accessible to needed health services which includes prevention, promotion, treatment, rehabilitation and palliation of sufficient quality to be effective while also ensuring that the use of these services does not expose the user the financial hardship”.
- Universal health coverage has therefore become a major goal for health reform in many countries and a priority objective of WHO.
World Health Statistics report:
- The report was prepared by WHO, for making evidence based policies to improve the health coverage of the persons.
- The recent report of 2019 which disaggregate by the sex for the first time will provide the data’s like;
- Women can access health services, maternal deaths decrease and lengthening women’s life expectancy.
- In many circumstances, men access health care less than women.
- Men are much more likely to die from preventable and treatable non-communicable diseases and road traffic accidents.
- 1-year gap in life expectancy between poorest and richest countries.
- Women outlive men everywhere in the world – particularly in wealthy countries.
- Still life expectancy is decided by the income. On an average, between 2000 and 2016, global life-expectancy at birth increased by 5.5 years. One child in every 14 born in a low-income country will die before their fifth birthday.
- This disaggregated new analysis has provided insights into the health and needs of people around the world.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojna (PMJAY-Ayushman Bharat)” scheme, world’s largest Government-funded health care programme which covers 50Cr beneficiaries, in Ranchi on 23rd September 2018.
- Ayushman Bharat is a National Health Protection Mission will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS). It is an important reform and progressive step in healthcare sector.
- The main objective of this scheme is;
- In primary health care services, creating a network of health and wellness infrastructure across the nation.
- For secondary and tertiary sector, provide insurance cover to minimum 40% of India’s total population.