WORLD DAY FOR SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2019
What’s in news?
Since April 28, is being celebrated as a World Day for Safety and Health at Work by the International Labour Organization (ILO) to stress on the prevention of accidents and diseases at work.
- Aim of this day: To raise awareness about the wellness and preventions of accidents at the workplace that can impact the lives of workers.
- Theme: safety and health at the heart of the future of work.
- This year, the world day attempts to take stock of a 100 years of work in improving occupational safety and health and looks to the future for continuing these efforts through major changes such as technology, demographics, sustainable development including climate change and changes in work organisation.
- The day is being celebrated to remind that health and safety regulations are important to everyone – and that failure to comply with them can have catastrophic consequences.
- Every year more than thousands of people die as a result of occupational accidents and work-related disease. This day was celebrating to bring the global attention towards health and safety of the workers.
- The main objective of celebrating WDSHW is to focus world attention on the degree of the problem and to promote healthy work culture so that several work-related deaths and injuries can be reduced. April 28, is also an International Commemoration Day for Dead and Injured Workers (ICDDIW) which is organised internationally by trade union movement since 1996.
- The new and emerging occupational risks may be caused by technical innovation or by social or organizational change such as:
- New technologies and production processes such as nanotechnology, biotechnology.
- New working conditions like higher workloads, work intensification from downsizing, poor conditions associated with migration for work and jobs in the informal economy.
- Emerging forms of employment such as self-employment, outsourcing, temporary contracts
Background of the day:
- The history of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work has its origins as far back as the end of the First World War.
- An agency of the United Nations, the ILO was established in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles, as part of the League of Nations’ overall objective of lasting peace.
- The ILO includes three key stakeholders in developing policies and standards: namely governments, employers and workers. The founding objectives included goals such as regulating working hours, securing appropriate wages, and particularly, “the protection of the worker against sickness, disease and injury arising out of his employment.”
The International Labour Organization:
The International Labour Organization (ILO) was founded in 1919, its Constitution forming part of the Treaty of Versailles. The ILO became the first specialised agency of the UN in 1946.
Purpose of the organisation:
- The ILO is the only ‘tripartite’ UN agency. It brings together representatives of governments, employers and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes. This unique arrangement gives the ILO an edge in incorporating ‘real world’ knowledge about employment and work.
- The ILO is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Its main aims are to:
- Promote rights at work
- Encourage decent employment opportunities
- Enhance social protection
- Strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues.
The ILO helps advance the creation of decent jobs and the kinds of economic and working conditions that give working people and business people a stake in lasting peace, prosperity