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World Aids day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
World Aids day

WORLD AIDS DAY

What’s in news?

  • December 1 is celebrated as International AIDS Day every year, it gives people the opportunity to join the fight against HIV.

Key Data’s:

  • This year the theme for the World Aids Day 2019 is “Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Community by Community”
  • The main motto behind celebrating the day is to raise public awareness about AIDS.

About AIDS:

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  • By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease.
  • HIV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, depending on the phase of infection.
  • While it is widely known that HIV is spread via bodily fluid exchange from an HIV infected person. The fluids can range from
    • blood,
    • semen,
    • pre-seminal fluids,
    • rectal fluids,
    • vaginal fluids,
    • to even breast milk.

Back ground:

  • World AIDS Day was first observed in 1988.
  • And each year, different organisations across the world bring attention to the HIV epidemic, endeavour to increase HIV awareness and knowledge.
  • According to World Health Organisation, “37.9 million people living with HIV at the end of 2018, 79 percent received testing, 62 percent received treatment, and 53 percent had achieved suppression of the HIV virus with reduced risk of infecting others.”
  • On 1 December 2018, WHO joined global partners to commemorate World AIDS Day under the theme “Know Your Status”.
  • Globally, around 7.7 lakh people died of HIV/AIDS in 2018.
  • Studies mentioned that HIV virus can survive in dried blood for up to 7 days, which means that if the beauty tools are not sterilised well, there are chances that you can catch an infection.
  • There’s no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. But you can protect yourself and others from infection.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/hiv-prevalence-rate/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/symptoms-causes/syc-20373524

https://www.indiatoday.in/information/story/world-aids-day-2019-history-theme-importance-quotes-1623956-2019-11-30

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