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Women officer - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Women officer

WOMEN OFFICERS TO PERMANENT COMMISSION

What’s in news?

Supreme Court ruled out the eligibility of women officers for the Permanent Commission and Command post in the Army in a decade old appeal by the Government.

Background:

  • In 2010, the Delhi High Court ordered the government to grant permanent commission to all short-service commission officers.
  • The court was ordered to keep out women from the combat units.
  • On challenging this High Court’s verdict, the government appealed in Supreme Court regard the grant of permanent commission, meanwhile the High Court’s order was not implemented despite there is no stay on it.
  • The ‘no women in combat’ rule was not challenged in the SC.
  • The battle was waged since 2006 and finally the Delhi High Court given its verdict in 2010.

Key data’s:

  • Supreme Court’s verdict: The Supreme Court ordered the government to grant permanent commission to women officers in the Army’s noncombat support units on par with their male counterparts should they wish to continue with it after completing their short-service commission.
  • As men and women officers serves as equal in common mission, casting aspersion on their ability on the grounds of gender is an affront not only to their dignity as women but to the dignity as women but to the dignity of the members of the Indian Army.
  • Those women officers who do not opt for permanent commission despite more than 14 years of service “will be entitled to continue in service until they attain 20 years of pensionable service.
  • Implementation period: The Government has to implement the verdict within next three months.
  • Beneficiaries: Irrespective of the age, year of service, it will benefit all women officers. The women officers have excluded from combat operations.
  • Government’s appeal: The government in its written submission portraying the women is physiologically unfit for answering the ‘call beyond duty’ of the Army. The court found this remark not only constitutionally invalid but also discriminatory, affecting the dignity of women officers.

Permanent Commission (PC):

  • A Permanent Commission means a career in the Army till you retire, it means if you get selected through Permanent Commission entry then you have the option to serve your nation up to the age of retirement which is 60 years as of now.
  • For Permanent Commission Officers have to compulsorily serve for 20 years (if one has to avail pension), and then up to the age of superannuation.

Data to know:

Short Service Commission (SSC):

  • In SSC you have the option of Joining the Army and serving as a Commissioned Officer for 10/14 years.
  • Three options available after the completion of 10 years;
    • Either elect for a Permanent Commission
    • Opt out or have the option of 4 years extension
    • They can resign at any time during this period of 4 years extension

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/indian-army-inducts-first-indigenous-artillery-gun-dhanush/

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/women-army-officers-win-long-battle-can-get-command-posts/articleshow/74182969.cms

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/sc-rules-in-favour-of-permanent-commission-to-women-officers/articleshow/74169078.cms

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