Climate change includes rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and intensifying extreme events, such as storms and droughts.
All these have profound repercussions for societies, from sudden economic disruptions to a longer-term decline in living standards.
Rising average temperatures can affect living standards through diverse pathways, such as agricultural and labor productivity, health, migration, and other factors that affect economic growth and poverty reduction.
They can dampen agricultural productivity, leading to a decline in living standards for agriculture-dependent households. A warmer climate can also increase the propagation of vector-borne and other infectious diseases, resulting in lost productivity and income.
Days of extreme heat are generally correlated with lower worker productivity, especially in areas that are already warm. A changing climate can force people out of their traditional professional domains, resulting in individuals not earning as much income.