WORLD WETLANDS DAY
What’s in news?
The World Wetlands day is being observed on February 2 annually.
- Day on: World Wetlands Day is being celebrated on February 2 every year.
- Aim: The day is observed to commemorate the signing of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance in 1971.
- Theme’20: The Theme fixed for this year (2020) is “Wetlands and Biodiversity”.
- The theme provides an opportunity to highlight wetland biodiversity, its status, why it matters and to promote actions to reverse its loss.
India and Wetlands:
- India has witnessed a rapid degradation of its wetlands in the last decade.
- Reason: The reason for the degradation of the wetlands – Urbanisation, Agriculture Expansion and Pollution.
- Rapid decline in urban areas more than the rural areas – for every one square kilometre increase in built up area, 25 ha of wetlands has been lost.
- Recent news: Recently, 10 new wetland sites have been added to Ramsar Convention, rendering them sites of ‘national importance’.
- Total Indian Ramsar sites: With this new addition of wetlands, total Indian wetlands were about 37 sites.
- Our country has over 757,000 wetlands with a total wetland area of 3 million ha – accounts for nearly 4.7% of the total geographical area of the country.
Data to know:
- Wetland: A landscape with presence of water or transitional zones between upland and aquatic ecosystems.
- Ramsar Convention: It is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
- It is also known as the “Convention on Wetlands”.
- Named so, because Ramsar is a city in Iran where the Convention was signed in 1971.
- Wetlands International South Asia (WISA):
- Most wetland states in India: The states like Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana account for over half of all urban wetland area – 8% of wetland’s were present in Urban areas.
- Between 1990 and 2014, the wetlands of 22 cities were rapidly degraded.
- The most offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds.
- National Wetland Atlas of India (2011 edition) classified India’s wetlands into 19 categories.
- Global Wetland Outlook report 2018, mentioned that, the world had lost 87% of its wetlands since 1700.
- Wetland Day for Biodiversity:
- About: It is an event organized in Assam’s Guwahati by the Voice of Environment along with with Assam Environment and Forest Department, Royal Global University’s Department of Environmental Science and Colours of North-Eastern India.
- Wetlands are having utmost importance to bring a secured and better future life for our younger generation.
Links to note: