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Wetlands day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Wetlands day

WORLD WETLANDS DAY

What’s in news?

The World Wetlands day is being observed on February 2 annually.

Key data’s:

  • Day on: World Wetlands Day is being celebrated on February 2 every year.
  • Aim: The day is observed to commemorate the signing of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance in 1971.
  • Theme’20: The Theme fixed for this year (2020) is Wetlands and Biodiversity.
  • The theme provides an opportunity to highlight wetland biodiversity, its status, why it matters and to promote actions to reverse its loss.

India and Wetlands:

  • India has witnessed a rapid degradation of its wetlands in the last decade.
  • Reason: The reason for the degradation of the wetlands – Urbanisation, Agriculture Expansion and Pollution.
  • Rapid decline in urban areas more than the rural areas – for every one square kilometre increase in built up area, 25 ha of wetlands has been lost.
  • Recent news: Recently, 10 new wetland sites have been added to Ramsar Convention, rendering them sites of ‘national importance’.
  • Total Indian Ramsar sites: With this new addition of wetlands, total Indian wetlands were about 37 sites.
  • Our country has over 757,000 wetlands with a total wetland area of 3 million ha – accounts for nearly 4.7% of the total geographical area of the country.

Data to know:

  • Wetland: A landscape with presence of water or transitional zones between upland and aquatic ecosystems.
  • Ramsar Convention: It is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
  • It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands”.
  • Named so, because Ramsar is a city in Iran where the Convention was signed in 1971.
  • Wetlands International South Asia (WISA):
    • Most wetland states in India: The states like Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana account for over half of all urban wetland area – 8% of wetland’s were present in Urban areas.
    • Between 1990 and 2014, the wetlands of 22 cities were rapidly degraded.
    • The most offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds.
  • National Wetland Atlas of India (2011 edition) classified India’s wetlands into 19 categories. 
  • Global Wetland Outlook report 2018, mentioned that, the world had lost 87% of its wetlands since 1700.
  • Wetland Day for Biodiversity:
    • About: It is an event organized in Assam’s Guwahati by the Voice of Environment along with with Assam Environment and Forest Department, Royal Global University’s Department of Environmental Science and Colours of North-Eastern India.
    • Wetlands are having utmost importance to bring a secured and better future life for our younger generation.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/wetlands/

https://www.hindustantimes.com/analysis/destruction-of-wetlands-will-lead-to-water-food-and-climate-insecurity/story-piU8FppnVzxsuxxnPrWGfI.html

https://www.worldwetlandsday.org/

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