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Water and Climate Change - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Water day

WORLD WATER DAY

What’s in news?

World Water Day was being observed recently.

Key data’s:

  • Date: World Water Day is being observed on March 22 every year since 1993.
  • Theme: The theme fixed for the year 2020 is Water and Climate Change – where the theme explores how water and climate change are inextricably linked.
  • The theme for 2019 was “Leaving no one behind“.
  • Organized by: The events to measure the world’s progress towards the accessing of clean drinking water would be organized by the United Nation (UN).
  • Purpose: The day is being observed to inspire people around the world to learn more about water-related issues and to take action to make a difference. 
  • Focus area: Every year, the day focused on the issues related with the clean water – but this year due to Covid-19 pandemic, the day additionally focused on hand-washing and hygiene.
  • SDG 6: The event in the day organized to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6: “Water and Sanitation for all” by 2030.

Water crisis:

  • Globally, around 2 billion people living without access to safe water. It is about taking action to tackle the global water crisis. 
  • More than 40% of the world’s population lives in regions where water is becoming increasingly scarce, and that figure is likely to rise.
  • Due to preventable water- and sanitation-related diseases, nearly 1,000 children were losing their life per day.
  • Solution: To end the water crises, investment should be increased in freshwater management and sanitation facilities in developing countries within Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South-Eastern Asia.

Background:

In 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development took place in Rio de Janeiro. That same year, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution by which March 22 of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting 1993.

Data to know:

  • The other related events are;
  • The International Year of Cooperation in the Water Sphere 2013
  • The current International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028
  • Report: The UN World Water Development Report (WWDR) is released each year around World Water Day.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/inland-waterways/

https://www.unwater.org/world-water-day-2020-water-and-climate-change/

https://www.un.org/en/observances/water-day

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Water_Day

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