VAN DHAN VIKAS KARYAKRAM
What’s in news?
An initiative named Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram was discussed in Parliament.
Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram:
- It is an initiative targeting livelihood generation for tribal population by harnessing the wealth of forest.
- The Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED launched by the Prime Minister Modi in 2018.
- The programme aims to tap into the traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribal people by adding technology and Information Technology for upgradation of output at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a remunerative economic activity.
- Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram seeks to promote and leverage the collective strength of tribal people to achieve a viable scale.
- The scheme will be implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs as Nodal Department at the Central Level and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level. At State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and the District collectors are envisaged to play a pivot role in scheme implementation at grassroot level.
How it is being done?
- Under the scheme, 10 Self Help Groups (SHGs) of 30 Tribal gatherers will be constituted.
- The SHGs will then be trained and provided with working capital to add value to products they collect from forest.
- They will be able to market their products, by working under leadership of collector, not only within states but also outside states.
- The tribal people under SHG will be trained on sustainable harvesting, collection, primary processing and value addition.
Van Dhan Vikas Kendra:
Van Dhan Vikas Kendra will be established under scheme will provide skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility
Minor Forest Produce (MFP):
- Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a major source of livelihood for tribals living in forest areas.
- The importance of MFPs for this section of the society can be gauged from the fact that around 100 million forest dwellers depend on MFPs for food, shelter, medicines and cash income.
- It provides them critical subsistence during the lean seasons, particularly for primitive tribal groups such as hunter gatherers, and the landless.
- Tribals derive 20-40% of their annual income from MFP on which they spend major portion of their time. This activity has strong linkage to women’s financial empowerment as most of the MFPs are collected and used/sold by women. MFP sector has the potential to create about 10 million workdays annually in the country.