Urbanization prospects and Pandit Jasraj
What’s in news?
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has named an asteroid, discovered in 2006, after Indian classical singer Pandit Jasraj.
- The asteroid which known as a minor planet located between Mars and Jupiter, discovered in 2006 by the Catalina Sky Survey.
- The names are decided by the IAU’s 15-member Working Group for Small Body Nomenclature (CSBN).
- As of September, there are 5,41,131 numbered minor planets of a total of 7,97,078 observed bodies, with the rest being unnumbered minor planets.
Sangeet Martand Pandit Jasraj is an exponent of Indian classical vocal music and a receipient of numerous awards, honours, and titles, including the prestigious Padma Vibhushan and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award.
WORLD URBANIZATION PROSPECTS
What’s in news?
The 2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects produced by the Population Division of the United Nations (UN) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA).
- Between 1970 to 2017, the urban population in Developing Asia grew from 375 million to 1.84 billion.
- As per the World Urbanization Prospects data, “the number of urban inhabitants in developing Asia has increased almost five-fold since 1970”.
- The urban population in this region increased at an average 3.4% per annum from 1970 to 2017.
- Two-thirds of the nearly 1.5.billion additional city dwellers in Developing Asia belong to China and India.
- Within the Developing Asia region, East Asia, at 3.7%, had the highest annual growth rate. It was followed by Southeast Asia at 3.6%, and South Asia at 3.3%. The Pacific saw an annual growth rate of 2.9% in the urban population, and Central Asia witnessed a 1.6% annual growth.
- “Developing Asia” refers to a group of 45 countries that are members of the ADB.
Asian Development Bank (ADB):
- A regional development bank with an aim to contribute to the economic and social development of their Asian countries.
- ADB is an official United Nations Observer.
- Established year: 1966
- Headquarters: Manila, Philippines.
- As of 31 December 2016, Japan and United States hold the largest proportion of shares at 15.607%. China holds 6.444%, India holds 6.331%, and Australia holds 5.786%.
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