Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act Bill
UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) AMENDMENT ACT BILL
What’s in news?
The Lok Sabha passed the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act Bill after the discussion.
- Recently, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha for discussion.
- Some of the important provisions of the bill is;
- The bill that empowers the government to designate individuals as terrorists.
- Empowers the Director-General, National Investigation Agency (NIA) to grant approval of seizure or attachment of property when the case is investigated by the agency.
- The National Investigation Agency (NIA) can go to any state without taking permission from state police concerned for checking anti-terror activities.
- An investigating officer is required to obtain the prior approval of the Director General of Police to seize properties that may be connected with terrorism. If the investigation is conducted by an officer of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), the approval of the Director General of NIA would be required for seizure of such property.
- Investigation of cases may be conducted by officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent or Assistant Commissioner of Police or above.
- Empowers the officers of the NIA, of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate cases.
- The opposition bring out with some concerns for discussion:
- As it empowers the NIA officials, there may be a chance of misusing the power.
- The provisions mentioned in the bill, affect the federal structure of the country.
- An Individual can be declared as a terrorist. But many countries like USA, China, Israel, Pakistan, UN, EU has a procedure for the same.
- The opposition want the bill should be examined by the Standing Committee of the Parliament.
- Along with this bill, the opposition has decided to demand the other key bills like RTI amendment and triple talaq, when in Rajya Sabha, should be sent to the Joint Select Committee.
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act:
- Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.
- Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.
- The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalisation to look into, the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India.
- Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India.
- In order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.
- Pursuant to the acceptance by Government of a unanimous recommendation of the Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:
- Freedom of Speech and Expression;
- Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms; and
- Right to Form Associations or Unions.