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two-horned rhinoceros - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
two-horned rhinoceros

SUMATRAN RHINO

What’s in news?

            The Sumatran rhino has become extinct in Malaysia, one of the two countries where it is mostly found after the last remaining individual died on November 23, 2019, due to natural causes.

About Sumatran rhino

  • Sumatran rhino are Asian Hairy two-horned rhinoceros.
  • Its shaggy appearance is its best known feature, due to the long, coarse hair covering much of its body. As it grows older, this hair falls out, meaning that its age can, to a certain extent, be determined by how hairy it is.And underneath its hide has a red undertone, making this rhino unique in appearance.
  • The Sumatran rhino is a herbivore, eating leaves, young saplings, and plants in secondary growth.
  • Sumatran rhinos are solitary animals. Males and females both maintain home ranges, which overlap. Males have larger territories than females.
  • The Sumatran rhino is the smallest of the five extant rhino species in the world. The other species include
    • the White Rhino
    • the Black Rhino
    • the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros and
    • the Javan Rhino.
  • The name of last sumatran rhino was Iman.
  • It was 25-year-old female
  • It had been suffering from cancer. And it had developed non-malignant uterine tumors, which were pressing against her bladder.

Background

  • Iman was captured in 2014 from the Danum Valley in the Malaysian state of Sabah, in the Malaysian-administered part of Borneo island. Since then, she had been living at the Borneo Rhino Sanctuary in the Tabin Wildlife Reserve, according to the Borneo Rhino Alliance.
  • Iman’s death came just six months after the last male Sumatran rhino in Malaysia, Tam, died, also at the Borneo Rhino Sanctuary in Tabin Wildlife Reserve. He died on May 27, 2019, after a prolonged illness, at the age of 35.
  • After the deaths of Tam and Iman, there are now just 80 Sumatran rhinos left in the world, all of them in Indonesia, especially on the island of Sumatra and the Indonesian part of Borneo.

 

two-horned rhinoceros

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/rhino-day/

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/wildlife-biodiversity/sumatran-rhino-is-now-extinct-in-malaysia-67892

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