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Tuberculosis - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Tuberculosis

WORLD TUBERCULOSIS DAY

What’s in news?

World Tuberculosis Day is being observed across the globe.

Key data’s:

  • Date: World TB Day is being observed on March 24 every year – the birth anniversary of Dr. Robert Koch – who discovered the Tuberculosis (TB) bacteria in 1882.
  • Objective: The day is being celebrated to build public awareness about the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB).
  • Theme: The theme for the year 2020 is Its Time – indicates it’s time to test, treat, educate and strengthen people regarding TB.
  • Proposed by: The day was proposed by the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD).
  • The day is being celebrated as the part of a year-long effort by the IUATLD and the World Health Organization under the theme “Defeat TB: Now and Forever
  • Need: As per WHO report, 4000 people loss their life per day and close to 30,000 people fall ill because of the disease.

About TB:

  • Caused by: The TB was caused by bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB).
  • Affects: The bacteria majorly affects the lungs – then it also affects the brain, liver and other parts of the body.
  • Treatment: It is a curable and preventable disease by taking the drugs timely as prescribed. 
  • Transmission: The disease is being spread through air – by coughing, sneezing or splitting.
  • Symptoms: The symptoms of the disease as follows – Pain in the chest, Weakness or fatigue, Weight loss, No appetite, Chills, fever, sweating at night.

Data to know:

  • Public Health Campaign: World TB Day is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • Other 7 health campaigns on – World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Malaria Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Hepatitis Day and World AIDS Day.
  • India’s target: The Indian country, set a target to end TB by 2025 (while WHO fixed the target to eliminate the TB by 2030).
  • Campaign: To achieve the target, the GoI launched a campaign called “TB harega, desh jitega”.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/tb-report/

https://www.ndtv.com/health/world-tb-day-understanding-the-symptoms-of-tb-and-importance-of-early-detection-2199419

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Tuberculosis_Day

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