WORLD TUBERCULOSIS DAY
What’s in news?
World Tuberculosis Day is being observed across the globe.
- Date: World TB Day is being observed on March 24 every year – the birth anniversary of Dr. Robert Koch – who discovered the Tuberculosis (TB) bacteria in 1882.
- Objective: The day is being celebrated to build public awareness about the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB).
- Theme: The theme for the year 2020 is ‘Its Time’ – indicates it’s time to test, treat, educate and strengthen people regarding TB.
- Proposed by: The day was proposed by the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD).
- The day is being celebrated as the part of a year-long effort by the IUATLD and the World Health Organization under the theme “Defeat TB: Now and Forever”
- Need: As per WHO report, 4000 people loss their life per day and close to 30,000 people fall ill because of the disease.
- Caused by: The TB was caused by bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB).
- Affects: The bacteria majorly affects the lungs – then it also affects the brain, liver and other parts of the body.
- Treatment: It is a curable and preventable disease by taking the drugs timely as prescribed.
- Transmission: The disease is being spread through air – by coughing, sneezing or splitting.
- Symptoms: The symptoms of the disease as follows – Pain in the chest, Weakness or fatigue, Weight loss, No appetite, Chills, fever, sweating at night.
Data to know:
- Public Health Campaign: World TB Day is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Other 7 health campaigns on – World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Malaria Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Hepatitis Day and World AIDS Day.
- India’s target: The Indian country, set a target to end TB by 2025 (while WHO fixed the target to eliminate the TB by 2030).
- Campaign: To achieve the target, the GoI launched a campaign called “TB harega, desh jitega”.
Links to note: