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Tribal day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Tribal day

NATIONAL TRIBAL DAY WAS PROPOSED

Key data’s:

  • The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) has proposed that a day be earmarked as ‘National Tribal Day’.
  • The day proposed to showcase the rich heritage and culture of the tribal communities in the country.
  • According to the 2011 Census, the proportion of tribes to total population is 8.6 per cent. There are over 700 STs’ notified in India.
  • In the first week of august, the NCST and all the state governments would meet, to discuss regard this proposal.
  • The date for this were not yet concluded.

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST):

  • The erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was replaced by two separate Commissions by the 89th Amendment Act, 2003. They are;
    1. The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC)
    2. The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

Composition:

  1. Chairman             : At the rank of Union Cabinet Minister. Have a tenure of 3 years.
  2. Vice Chairman : At the rank of Minister of State. Have a tenure of 3 years.
  • Members             : At ranks of a Secretary to the Government of India.

Annual report:

The commission submits its annual report to the President annually on the working of safeguards and measures required for effective implementation of Programmers/ Schemes relating to welfare and socio-economic development of STs.

Who are Scheduled Tribes (STs)?

  • The Scheduled Castes(SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged people in India. The terms are recognized in the Constitution of India and the groups are designated in one or other of the categories.
  • In modern literature, the Scheduled Castes are sometimes referred to as “untouchables”.
  • The tribes were also known as “Adivasis”.
  • According to the 2011 census, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes comprise about 16.6% and 8.6%, respectively, of India’s population. 
  • The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,108 castes across 29 states in its First Schedule, and the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule.
  • Since the independence of India, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were given Reservation status, guaranteeing political representation. The Constitution lays down the general principles of positive discrimination for SCs and STs.

 

Important Links:

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2019/jul/11/ncst-pushes-for-a-national-tribal-day-2002185.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scheduled_Castes_and_Scheduled_Tribes

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/tiwa-tribes-cji-panel/

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