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tiwa tribes

1. SC APPOINTS EX-JUDGE PATNAIK TO PROBE ‘LARGER CONSPIRACY’ AGAINST CJI

What’s in news?

The Supreme Court expressed concern over the institution being “systematically attacked” and judges being “maligned” and “blackmailed” ahead of big cases involving “influential” people, and asked former SC judge AK Patnaik to examine allegations of a “larger conspiracy” by vested interests behind a sexual harassment charge against Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi.

Key data’s:

  • After the CJI breached “Principle of Natural Justice”, this committee was framed under former SC Judge AK Patnaik.
  • Justice Patnaik has been tasked to unearth whether the CJI is the target of a larger intrigue hatched by a powerful lobby of fixers, disgruntled apex court employees and corporate figures to compromise the highest judiciary itself.
  • The enquiry would primarily focus on material and affidavits provided by lawyer Utsav Singh Bains that claimed some former staffers of the court, influential peddlers and corporate entities have ganged up against Chief Justice Gogoi to frame him in a false case.
  • A Special Bench led by Justice Arun Mishra ordered the chiefs of the CBI, the Intelligence Bureau and the Delhi Police to assist Justice Patnaik, who has to complete his investigation and file a report in a sealed cover before the Bench.

What is Priciple of Natural Justice?

  • Natural justice implies fairness, reasonableness, equity and equality.
  • Natural justice is the concept of common law and it is the common-law world counterpart of the American ‘procedural due processes.
  • In India, the principles of natural justice are firmly grounded in Article 14 and 21 of the Constitution.
  • Principles of natural justice are attracted whenever a person suffers a civil consequence or a prejudice is caused to him in any administrative action.
  • These two are the basic pillars of the Principles of Natural Justice. No system of law can survive without these two basic pillars.
    1. ‘No one should be made a judge in his own case, or the rule against bias.’
    2. ‘Hear the other party, or the rule of fair hearing, or the rule that no one should be condemned unheard.’

 

2. KHELCHAWA FESTIVAL

What’s in news?

Tiwa tribes of Assam celebrated Khelchawa festival, at the close of the harvest season.

Key data’s:

Who are Tiwa tribes?

  • Tiwa tribes are indigenous ethnic groups inhabiting the states of Assam and Meghalaya.
  • The Tiwa tribes are indigenous ethnic group’s inhabitant in Assam and Meghalaya, lives both in the hills and the plains. A striking peculiarity of the Tiwa is their division into two sub-groups, Hill Tiwa and Plains Tiwas, displaying much contrasted cultural features.
    1. The Hill Tiwas live in Karbi-Anglong (Assam) and Northeastern corner of Meghalaya and practice “Slash and Burn” method of farming.
    2. Plains Tiwas live on the flat lands of the Southern bank of the Brahmaputra valley and influenced wet rice cultivation methods, and rice has become their major crop
  • Tiwa, or Lalung, is a Tibeto-Burman language of Assam in North East India.
  • Yangli is an important festival for the Tiwas because of its relation to agriculture, a main source to their economy. They celebrate Yangli every three years.
  • Their main source of revenue is Agriculture.
  • Men of Tiwa tribe in Assam kill protected species such as deer, boar, goat, pangolin and porcupine in a ritual-cum-sport.
  • The Tiwas burn grass to make a path, as they do for jhum cultivation (slash and burn) after growing paddy and pumpkin, chilli and other vegetables when they are not hunting.
  • The Tiwas do not hunt in the breeding season of wild animals.

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/states-obliged-to-prevent-lynchings-cji/

http://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/1519/Principles-of-Natural-Justice-In-Indian-Constitution.html

http://www.iasparliament.com/current-affairs/prelim-bits-14-07-2017

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rich-and-powerful-trying-to-run-the-court-they-are-playing-with-fire-justice-arun-mishra/article26941023.ece

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