Why in news about tiger conservation ?
- The tiger conservation efforts aimed at increasing the tiger count in India, global experts and officials in the government suggest that India must also prepare for a new challenge — of reaching the limits of its management capacity.
- India had 2,226 tigers as of 2014. Now the ongoing census expected to reveal an update to these numbers. But India’s current capacity to host tigers ranged from only 2,500-3,000 tigers.
- Moreover, 25-35% of India’s tigers now lived outside protected reserves.
challenges of having increasing tiger population:
- There are traditional challenges of poaching and man-animal conflict in tiger conservation.
- Additionally, recent attempts at translocating tigers to unpopulated reserves, such as Satkosia in Orissa, ended badly, with one of the tigers dying.
- Meanwhile, even with dwindling core forest as well as the shrinking of tiger corridors (strips of land that allow tigers to move unfettered across diverse habitat) creates challenge .
- National Tiger Conservation Authority ‘s conference declared to double tiger numbers by 2022
- Even , the low availability of prey in some reserves to support additional and increasing tiger polulation is challenging .
- However, there are vast tracts of potential tiger habitat that can be used to improve prey density, develop tiger corridors and therefore support a much larger population.
- It can cause serious management problem like needlessly huge amount of money dumped repeatedly on the same 25,000-30,000 sq. km area where tigers are already at saturation densities
- Moreover, while other areas with potential for future recovery are starved of key investments.
About Project Tiger
The Project Tiger launched in 1973 is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme. It gives fund help to the ‘tiger range States’, for in-situ conservation of tigers in the chosen tiger reserves. It has put the endangered tiger on a guaranteed path of revival by protecting it from extinction. The Project Tiger aims to promote an exclusive tiger agenda in the core areas of tiger reserves, with inclusive people participation.
The habitats covered under Project tiger are:
- Central India conservation unit
- Shivalik-terai conservation unit
- North East conservation unit
- Sariska conservation unit
- Sunder bans conservation unit
- Eastern Ghats conservation unit
- Western Ghats conservation unit