What’s in news?
Terrorism is the enemy of humanity and the biggest threat to global peace, so that Anti-terrorism day is celebrated in India.
- Date: The Anti-terrorism day is being celebrated on May 21st
- Aim: The day is being celebrated for following reasons;
- To promote and send out the message of global peace and non-violence.
- To honour the sacrifices of thousands of soldiers who have, over the years, fought against terrorism.
- Why May 21? The day marks the death anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, former PM of India who was assassinated in 1991 at an election rally near Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu by a women suicide bomber from Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. The year 2020 mark 29th death anniversary of Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
Anti-terror laws in India:
Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987:
- The act defines the ‘terrorist act’ and ‘disruptive activities’ – also put restrictions on the grant of bail.
- The law was lapsed in 1995.
Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA), 2002:
- As per this law, a suspect could be detained for up to 180 days by a special court.
- The law made the fundraising activity for terrorism is a “terrorist act”.
- The law made a separate chapter to deal with terrorist organisations.
Data to know:
Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana award:
- Instituted in: The award was instituted by All India Congress Committee (AICC) of INC in 1992.
- Why the award? The award was instituted in memory of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
- For whom? The award is presented annually to those who have devoted their life in understanding and promoting social harmony.
- What it have? The award consist a citation and cash Prize of Rs 10 Lakh.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF):
- Established in: An inter-governmental organisation set up in 1989.
- Purpose: The organization established to develop policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
- Membership: India got FATF membership in 2010 on the assurance that it would make suitable amendments in the Act by March 2012.
Links to note: