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terrorism day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
terrorism day

ANTI-TERRORISM DAY

What’s in news?

Terrorism is the enemy of humanity and the biggest threat to global peace, so that Anti-terrorism day is celebrated in India.

Key data’s:

  • Date: The Anti-terrorism day is being celebrated on May 21st
  • Aim:  The day is being celebrated for following reasons;
    • To promote and send out the message of global peace and non-violence.
    • To honour the sacrifices of thousands of soldiers who have, over the years, fought against terrorism
  • Why May 21? The day marks the death anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, former PM of India who was assassinated in 1991 at an election rally near Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu by a women suicide bomber from Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. The year 2020 mark 29th death anniversary of Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

Anti-terror laws in India:

Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987:

  • The act defines the ‘terrorist act’ and ‘disruptive activities’ – also put restrictions on the grant of bail.
  • The law was lapsed in 1995.

Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA), 2002:

  • As per this law, a suspect could be detained for up to 180 days by a special court.
  • The law made the fundraising activity for terrorism is a “terrorist act”.
  • The law made a separate chapter to deal with terrorist organisations.

Data to know:

Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana award:

  • Instituted in: The award was instituted by All India Congress Committee (AICC) of INC in 1992.
  • Why the award? The award was instituted in memory of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
  • For whom? The award is presented annually to those who have devoted their life in understanding and promoting social harmony.
  • What it have? The award consist a citation and cash Prize of Rs 10 Lakh.

Financial Action Task Force (FATF):

  • Established in: An inter-governmental organisation set up in 1989.
  • Purpose: The organization established to develop policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
  • Membership: India got FATF membership in 2010 on the assurance that it would make suitable amendments in the Act by March 2012.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/global-terrorism-index/

https://www.timesnownews.com/india/article/anti-terrorism-day-armed-forces-kin-say-were-taught-to-be-strong-life-teaches-us-to-respect-protect/594911

https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/anti-terrorism-day-rajiv-gandhi-death-anniversary-isolate-nations-supporting-terrorism-venkaiah-naidu/1966107/

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