MTP BILL 2020 PASSED
What’s in news?
Among the various bill, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 was passed in the Lok Sabha of the Parliament.
- Introduced in: The bill was introduced in the lower house of the Parliament on early March 02, 2020.
- Introduced by: The bill was introduced by Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Health and Family Welfare.
- Amended Act: The bill seeks to amend the Bill amends the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 – provides the provisions for the termination of certain pregnancies by registered medical practitioners.
- Time frame in existing Act: As per the 1971 Act, the time period for the termination of Pregnancy is maximum 20 weeks. Among this;
- a registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated within 12 weeks
- two registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated between 12 and 20 weeks
Key features of the bill:
- The maximum termination of pregnancy’s time frame has been raised to 24 weeks – only apply to specific categories of women, as may be prescribed by the central government.
- a registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated within 20 weeks
- two registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated between 20 and 24 weeks
- Replaced terms: The Bill amends this provision to replace ‘married woman or her husband’ with ‘woman or her partner’.
- Special category: It has also enhanced the gestation limit for ‘special categories’ of women which includes survivors of rape, victims of incest and other vulnerable women like differently-abled women and minors.
- Medical boards and members: Under the Bill, every state government is required to constitute a Medical Board. These Medical Boards will consist of the following members – a gynaecologist, a paediatrician, a radiologist or sonologist, and any other number of members, as may be notified by the state government.
- Protection of privacy: Revealing the name details of the woman who have undergone pregnancy termination by the medical practitioner has been terminated.
Data to know:
Before 1971, abortion was criminalized under Section 312 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, describing it as intentionally ‘causing miscarriage’.
Links to note: