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termination of pregnancy - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
termination of pregnancy

MTP BILL 2020 PASSED

What’s in news?

Among the various bill, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 was passed in the Lok Sabha of the Parliament.

Key data’s:

  • Introduced in: The bill was introduced in the lower house of the Parliament on early March 02, 2020.
  • Introduced by: The bill was introduced by Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Health and Family Welfare.
  • Amended Act: The bill seeks to amend the Bill amends the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 – provides the provisions for the termination of certain pregnancies by registered medical practitioners. 
  • Time frame in existing Act: As per the 1971 Act, the time period for the termination of Pregnancy is maximum 20 weeks. Among this;
    • a registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated within 12 weeks
    • two registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated between 12 and 20 weeks

Key features of the bill:

  • The maximum termination of pregnancy’s time frame has been raised to 24 weeks – only apply to specific categories of women, as may be prescribed by the central government. 
    • a registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated within 20 weeks
    • two registered medical practitioner’s opinion is required if the a pregnancy may be terminated between 20 and 24 weeks
  • Replaced terms: The Bill amends this provision to replace ‘married woman or her husband’ with ‘woman or her partner’.  
  • Special category: It has also enhanced the gestation limit for ‘special categories’ of women which includes survivors of rape, victims of incest and other vulnerable women like differently-abled women and minors.
  • Medical boards and members: Under the Bill, every state government is required to constitute a Medical Board.  These Medical Boards will consist of the following members – a gynaecologist, a paediatrician, a radiologist or sonologist, and any other number of members, as may be notified by the state government. 
  • Protection of privacy: Revealing the name details of the woman who have undergone pregnancy termination by the medical practitioner has been terminated.

Data to know:

Before 1971, abortion was criminalized under Section 312 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, describing it as intentionally ‘causing miscarriage’.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/ayurveda-bill/

https://prsindia.org/billtrack/medical-termination-pregnancy-amendment-bill-2020

https://ehealth.eletsonline.com/2020/03/lok-sabha-okays-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-amendmentt-bill-2020/

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