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Technical Assistance Programme - Shanmugam IAS academy, coimbatore
Technical Assistance Programme

COTTON TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME

What’s in news?

India will cover five more African countries in the second phase of its cotton technical assistance programme (TAP) for the region

Key data’s:

  • Technical Assistance Programme (TAP) will be extended to other five African regions namely Mali, Ghana, Togo, Zambia and Tanzania.
  • Already TAP have been implemented in six African countries namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Malawi, Nigeria and Uganda, from 2012 to 2018.
  • With this inclusion of 4 countries, the total countries were 11. Among the 11 countries, the Cotton-4 [C4] are Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali.
  • With this, it is clear that, India remains committed to building on its longstanding development partnership with Africa, especially in the field of cotton.
  • Cotton farming and the domestic cotton textile industry continue to be important pillars of India’s economy.
  • India is the world’s largest producers and consumers of cotton, India supports the World Cotton Day as an opportunity to recognise the significance of cotton as a global commodity, and, more importantly, as a source of livelihood for millions of small and marginal farmers (8 million) in developing countries

Technical Assistance Programme (TAP):

  • Between 2011 and 2018, India conducted CTAP in 7 African countries namely Benin, Faso, Burkina, Mali, Chad, Uganda and Malawi.
  • Focus: On increasing the competitiveness of cotton and cotton-based industries in these countries through a series of interventions which had significant outcomes leading to a demand for a follow-on project.

TAP covers the following broad areas;

  1. Increasing cotton production (area expansion and productivity enhancement)
  2. Improving Extension & Support Service Efficiency
  3. Enhancing R&D/ Quality Control
  4. Marketing/Distribution Infrastructure
  5. Strengthening/development of cotton residue-based value addition industry
  6. Creating/Strengthening Downstream Industry in Textiles and Clothing

World Cotton Day:

  • For the first time the World Cotton Day is being celebrated from 7th October to 11th October in Geneva.
  • Organized by the WTO in collaboration with UN, FAO, UNCTD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), International Trade Center and International Cotton Advisory Committee.

Objective:

The Objective of World Cotton Day is

  • To provide exposure to cotton and its stakeholders
  • To seek new collaboration for developing countries with private sectors and investors
  • To engage beneficiaries and strengthen developmental assistance for cotton. Global Celebration

 

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Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/water-repelling-cotton/

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/agriculture/india-to-expand-cotton-assistance-programme-to-5-more-african-nations-in-2nd-phase/articleshow/71482649.cms

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