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Sustainable Development Summit - Shanmugam IAS academy
Sustainable Development Summit


What’s in news?

The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS), started at the Habitat Centre.

Key data’s:

  • The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) is The Energy and Resources Institute’s (TERI) annual event.
  • The theme: ‘Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count‘.
  • The World Sustainable Development Summit brings together Nobel Laureates, political leaders, decision-makers from bilateral & multilateral institutions, business leaders, high-level functionaries from the diplomatic corps, scientists and researchers, media personnel, and members of civil society; on a common platform to deliberate on issues related to sustainable development.
  • It is a Three-day flagship event from January 29-31 and it will focus on the 2030 sustainable development goals.
  • The summit has in its journey of eighteen years (2001- 2019) become a focal point for global leaders and practitioners to congregate on a single platform to discuss and deliberate over climatic issues of universal importance.
  • The WSDS has continued the legacy of the erstwhile Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS) which was initiated in 2001 with the aim of making ‘sustainable development’ a globally shared goal.


  • Government has released seven billion dollars to all the states for intensive afforestation activities to tackle Climate Change.
  • The Summit will announce the launch of the Indo-Swiss partnership on tackling air pollution, and also release a plethora of reports including a roadmap for zero-carbon steel sector and tapping the potential for floating solar plants in India.

Sustainable Development Goals:

  • In 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  • 193 member countries, including India, got committed to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals that require efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change while ensuring that no one was left behind.
  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.
  • The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing the world.
  • The SDGs are a bold commitment to finish what the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) started, and tackle some of the more pressing challenges.

SDGs and India’s Commitment:

  • NITI Aayog undertook the extensive exercise of measuring India and its States’ progress towards the SDGs for 2030, culminating in the development of the first SDG India Index – Baseline Report 2018.

Clean Fuel:

  • India introduces BS-VI petrol and diesel.
  • Delhi will be the first city to leapfrog from BS-IV to BS-VI.
  • The rest of the country will make the change from April 2020 next year.

No Plastics:

  • India has pledged to eliminate all single-use plastic in the country by 2022.

International Solar Alliance (ISA):

  • ISA is a group of 121 solar rich countries which are situated either on or between the tropics.
  • Aims to deploy over 1000 GW of solar energy and mobilize more than $1000 billion into solar power by 2030.

Climate Change:

  • To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 level.
  • To achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030, with the help of transfer of technology and low-cost international finance, including from Green Climate Fund.
  • To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

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