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Stubble Burning

Stubble Burning Menace Emerges In Kuttanad

Features of Kuttanad:

  • Kuttanad is a region covering the Alappuzha and Kottayam Districts, in the state of Kerala known for its paddy cultivation and its geographical features.
  • It lies in the lowest altitude in India – 1.2 to 3m (4 to 10ft) below the sea level. This leads in the risk of flooding and influx of salt water into the region. This result in making the agriculture hard to farmers. So they are following a technology names “Bio Saline farming” – a kind of farming with salt tolerant plants/Halophytes.
  • Kuttanad is known as “Rice bowl of Kerala”.
  • FAO of UN, recognised this farming system as Globally Important Agriculture Heritage System (GIAHS).

Globally Important Agriculture Heritage System:

  • Purpose of GIAHS is to create public awareness, safeguard world agricultural heritage site
  • It was started by FAO in 2002 with an aim of helping world population get ensured food security, eliminate hunger and poverty.
  • The following are the objective of GIAHS:
  • To understand and appreciate the nature friendly agricultural practices of local and tribal populations around the world.
  • To document indigenous knowledge.
  • To conserve and promote these knowledge at global scale to promote food security, sustainable development.
  • Providing incentives for local population by measures like eco-labelling, eco-tourism.
  • The following are the conditions for the addition of a site under GIAHS;
    • The provision of local food security
    • High levels of agricultural biodiversity and associated biological diversity,
    • Store of indigenous knowledge and
    • Ingenuity of management systems.
  • List of sites in India;
    • Koraput, Odisha
    • Kashmir Valley, Pampore region [Saffron Heritage Site of Kashmir in India]
    • Kuttanad, Kerala

Stubble burning:

  • It is a quick and cost effective method to clear the remains in the agriculture field after harvesting by setting a fire on it.

Steps to reduce stubble burning:

  1. Happy seeder, a machines that cut and lift the crop stubble, sow the wheat and deposit the straw over the sown area as much.
  2. As per Crop Residue Management Programme, Customer Hiring Centres can be opened in those areas. These centres have been provided with tractors and modern harvesting machines. These could be hired by farmers for paddy harvest. It is mandatory for farmers to attach straw reaper with the Combine harvester machines.

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