Why in News?
Stringency Index was released to measures the country’s responds to the Covid-19 outbreak.
- Released by: The index was released by the Oxford University how strict a country’s measures were responding to the Covid-19 outbreak, and at what stage of the spread it enforced these.
- As per the index, India imposed its strictest measures much earlier than others.
- Used by: The data from the index will be used by the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker – which tracks 17 indicators of government response.
- These indicators examine containment policies such as school and workplace closings, public events, public transport, stay-at-home policies.
- How it ranks? The index rank the countries by its score which numbered from 0 to 100 that reflects these indicators. A higher index score indicates a higher level of stringency.
What it says about India?
- India enforced one of the strongest lockdowns at an early phase of case growth. India indeed had one of the strongest lockdown measures in the world — at a 100 score since March 22.
- It was relaxed slightly on April 20 after the government eased norms for certain workplaces in regions outside the red zones.
- When compared to other countries with similar or higher case load, India called its strict lockdown at a much earlier point on its case and death curves.
- These 18 other countries had more than 500 cases when they called their strictest lockdown, while India had 320.
- Again, India had only four deaths on March 22, when its score reached 100, while most countries had more deaths at that point (except Switzerland; no deaths).
Relation between death curve and stringency score:
- With the help of this relation, few countries saw their deaths just begin to flatten as they reached their highest stringency, such as Italy, Spain, or France.
- In countries like UK, the USA and India the death curve has not flattened after strictest measures were enforced.
- From the highest death count at their strongest measures, the countries compared were France, Italy, Iran, Germany, UK, Netherlands, Sweden, Mexico, Canada, Belgium, Ireland, US, Turkey, Israel, China, India, and Switzerland.
- Other countries: Other countries with a 100 score are Honduras, Argentina, Jordan, Libya, Sri Lanka, Serbia, and Rwanda.
- India now has the highest number of cases in this set.
Links to note: