STATE OF EMERGENCY IN VENICE
What’s in news?
Italy has declared a state of emergency in Venice after the Italian city was engulfed by 1.87m (6ft) high water levels, flooding its historic basilica and cutting power to homes.
- The Mayor of Venice – Luigi Brugnaro, called for a State of emergency, after the second highest tide ever recorded swept through the area.
- More than 80% of the city, a UNESCO world heritage site, was under water when tides were at their highest.
- Climate Change was blamed as a reason for this “apocalyptic” floods where the tides were reached heights of 87 metres.
- The highest tide rise was 1.91-metre recorded during the “great flood” of 1966.
- Another significant tide reaching a peak of about 1.25 m was expected to flood some low-lying areas
- The name given to exceptionally high tides in the Adriatic Sea, where the terms used in Veneto.
- Occurring period: Late autumn and winter seasons when the astronomical tides are reinforced by the prevailing seasonal winds that hamper the usual reflux. The main winds involved are the
- Sirocco, which blows northbound along the Adriatic Sea, and
- Bora, which has a specific local effect due to the shape and location of the Venetian lagoon.
- MOSE – Experimental Electromechanical Module.
- It is a flood barrier system, that has been under construction since 2003.
- The construction was planned to be completed by 2014 but it was extended till 2016 and be operationalize from 2021. But it was not yet completed.
- Reason for the delay is criticism and corruption in the project.
Data to know:
- Venice, is facing its annual flooding season where the flooding level peaked at 4 feet, 3 inches (1.27 meters).
- This may affect the lowest parts of the city which includes the tourist area of St. Mark’s Square.
- A city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
- Situated on a group of 118 small islands – located in the shallow Venetian Lagoon.
- The lagoon and a part of the city are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Links to note: