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State of emergency - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
State of emergency

STATE OF EMERGENCY IN VENICE

What’s in news?

            Italy has declared a state of emergency in Venice after the Italian city was engulfed by 1.87m (6ft) high water levels, flooding its historic basilica and cutting power to homes.

Key data’s:

  • The Mayor of Venice – Luigi Brugnaro, called for a State of emergency, after the second highest tide ever recorded swept through the area.
  • More than 80% of the city, a UNESCO world heritage site, was under water when tides were at their highest.
  • Climate Change was blamed as a reason for this “apocalyptic” floods where the tides were reached heights of 87 metres.
  • The highest tide rise was 1.91-metre recorded during the “great flood” of 1966.
  • Another significant tide reaching a peak of about 1.25 m was expected to flood some low-lying areas

Acqua alta:

  • The name given to exceptionally high tides in the Adriatic Sea, where the terms used in Veneto.
  • Occurring period: Late autumn and winter seasons when the astronomical tides are reinforced by the prevailing seasonal winds that hamper the usual reflux. The main winds involved are the
    • Sirocco, which blows northbound along the Adriatic Sea, and
    • Bora, which has a specific local effect due to the shape and location of the Venetian lagoon. 

MOSE:

  • MOSE – Experimental Electromechanical Module.
  • It is a flood barrier system, that has been under construction since 2003.
  • The construction was planned to be completed by 2014 but it was extended till 2016 and be operationalize from 2021. But it was not yet completed.
  • Reason for the delay is criticism and corruption in the project.

Data to know:

  • Venice, is facing its annual flooding season where the flooding level peaked at 4 feet, 3 inches (1.27 meters).
  • This may affect the lowest parts of the city which includes the tourist area of St. Mark’s Square.

Venice:

  • A city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region
  • Situated on a group of 118 small islands – located in the shallow Venetian Lagoon.
  • The lagoon and a part of the city are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/climate-change-and-health/

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-tourist-hotspot-venice-has-gone-under-water-italy-6120192/

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