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sslv - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore - UPSC/TNPSC


What’s in news?

Indian Space Research Organisation Chairman Dr.K.Sivan has said that they are targeting at launching Small Satellite Launch vehicle by December.

Key data:

  • SSLV is designed to inject small satellites weighing up to 500 kilogrammes to mid-inclination Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and 300 kg to Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO), making it ideal for launching small satellites.
  • It suited for launching multiple microsatellites at a time and supports multiple orbital drop-offs. 
  • SSLV launch is scheduled from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.
  • The first SSLV mission will deploy commercial spacecraft in two different orbital planes.
  • It would place a single Indian defence earth observation spacecraft of 500-kg class in a low-earth orbit.
  • New Space India Ltd (NSIL), the newly established commercial subsidiary of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has been tasked with production of the rocket in collaboration with private players and will market the SSLV in the global space market. 
  • Launch services and mission management provider Spaceflight, has announced that it will purchase the first commercial flight of India’s Small Satellite Launch Vehicle, (SSLV).

New Space India Limited (NSIL):

  • It is a Public Sector Enterprise incorporated as a new commercial arm of Department of Space to tap the benefits of the Research & Development carried out by ISRO. 
  • Functions: The Company will spearhead commercialization of various space products including production of launch vehicles, transfer to technologies and marketing of space products.


  • India has two operational launchers: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
  • The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle is capable of launching satellites in 1100-1600 kg class into Sun Synchronous Orbit.
  • The geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle is capable of launching satellites up to 4 tonnes into Geosynchronous orbit.



What’s in news?

President Ram Nath Kovind launches plantation drive as part of Van Mahotsav celebrations

About Van Mahotsav:

  • Van Mahotsav is usually observed in the first week of July every year and is celebrated on different days in different parts of India.
  • The objective behind celebrating Van Mahotsav is to keep local people involved in plantation drives and spread environmental awareness.


  • Van Mahotsav began in 1950, with a tree plantation drive, in which national leaders participated.
  • The festival of tree plantation was started by Dr.K.M.Munshi, the then Union Minister for Agriculture and Food to create enthusiasm among masses for forest conservation and planting trees. 
  • The festival was simultaneously celebrated in other states in India.


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