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Sparrow Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Sparrow Day

WORLD SPARROW DAY

What’s in news?

World Sparrow Day is being celebrated across the world.

Key data’s:

  • Date: The day is being celebrated on March 20, since 2010 across the world.
  • Purpose: The day is being celebrated to raise awareness of the house sparrow and then other common birds to urban environments, and of threats to their populations.
  • Theme’20: The theme for the year 2020 is I Love Sparrow.
  • Need: The need for marking this day was felt due to the tremendous decrease in its population.
  • Vision: The vision is to provide a platform where people who are working on the conservation of the house sparrow and other common birds can network, collaborate and exchange conservation ideas which will lead to better science and improved results.

Background history:

  • It is an international initiative by the Nature Forever Society of India in collaboration with the Eco-Sys Action Foundation (France) and numerous other national and international organisations across the world.
  • It was started by Mohammed Dilawar, an Indian conservationist who started his work helping the house sparrow in Nashik, and who was named one of the “Heroes of the Environment” for 2008 by Time for his efforts.

House Sparrow:

  • IUCN Status: Least concern.
  • The House Sparrow has been found to be stable across the country as a whole, although declining in the major cities.
  • It has been declared as the “State Bird of Delhi” to save the species and enhance awareness about their life and habitat.
  • The reasons for the decline include decreasing insect populations(a key part of the diet of sparrow chicks) and paucity of suitable nesting sites.
  • Moreover, the popular theory that radiation from mobile phone towers is a factor is not supported by the findings of this report.

Data to know:

Rise of Sparrows:

In 2012, then Delhi Government had launched campaign called “Rise of Sparrows” aimed at conservation of House Sparrow among other birds.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/sleep-day/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Sparrow_Day#:~:text=World%20Sparrow%20Day%20is%20a,populations%2C%20observed%20on%2020%20March.

http://newsonair.com/News?title=20th-March-is-observed-as-World-Sparrow-Day&id=383374

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