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social norms index - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
social norms index


What’s in news?

Gender Social Norms Index was released which shows the bias between men and women.

Key data’s:

  • Released by: The Index was released by United Nation’s Development Programme (UNDP).
  • Gender Social Norms Index – measures how social beliefs obstruct gender equality in areas like politics, work, and education, and contains data from 75 countries, covering over 80 percent of the world’s population.
  • In 2018, despite decades of progress closing the equality gap between men and women 86% & 90% of women and men, respectively, held some sort of bias against women.
  • Countries involved: The total countries taken for survey is 75 – which accounts for 80% of global population.
  • Among the 75 countries, only 6 countriesAndorra, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden – held no bias towards women
  • New data in the report: In this report, it covers the invisible barriers which women face in achieving equality.
  • The data was released with an intention of introducing legislation and policies by the Government that address engrained prejudice.

Key findings of the report:

  • About half the world’s population feel men make better political leaders.
  • Over 40% feel that men make better business executives and that men have more right to a job when jobs are scarce.
  • 24% of parliamentary seats worldwide are held by women, and there are only 10 female heads of government out of a possible 193.
  • Less than 6% of CEOs in S&P 500 companies are women
  • Women work more hours than men, this work is more likely to be unpaid care work.
  • 28% think it is justified for a man to beat his wife.  

Data to know:


  • Beijing+25 – Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action – an agenda with a vision to empower women as parallel with the world.
  • The agenda also called the world leaders to accelerate their actions to meet the global targets on gender equality. 

Empower campaigns:

  • A campaign for women empowerment across the world were – “#MeToo, #NiUnaMenos, #TimesUp. #UnVioladorEnTuCamino”.

Links to note:

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