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social norms index - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
social norms index

GENDER SOCIAL NORMS INDEX

What’s in news?

Gender Social Norms Index was released which shows the bias between men and women.

Key data’s:

  • Released by: The Index was released by United Nation’s Development Programme (UNDP).
  • Gender Social Norms Index – measures how social beliefs obstruct gender equality in areas like politics, work, and education, and contains data from 75 countries, covering over 80 percent of the world’s population.
  • In 2018, despite decades of progress closing the equality gap between men and women 86% & 90% of women and men, respectively, held some sort of bias against women.
  • Countries involved: The total countries taken for survey is 75 – which accounts for 80% of global population.
  • Among the 75 countries, only 6 countriesAndorra, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden – held no bias towards women
  • New data in the report: In this report, it covers the invisible barriers which women face in achieving equality.
  • The data was released with an intention of introducing legislation and policies by the Government that address engrained prejudice.

Key findings of the report:

  • About half the world’s population feel men make better political leaders.
  • Over 40% feel that men make better business executives and that men have more right to a job when jobs are scarce.
  • 24% of parliamentary seats worldwide are held by women, and there are only 10 female heads of government out of a possible 193.
  • Less than 6% of CEOs in S&P 500 companies are women
  • Women work more hours than men, this work is more likely to be unpaid care work.
  • 28% think it is justified for a man to beat his wife.  

Data to know:

Beijing+25:

  • Beijing+25 – Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action – an agenda with a vision to empower women as parallel with the world.
  • The agenda also called the world leaders to accelerate their actions to meet the global targets on gender equality. 

Empower campaigns:

  • A campaign for women empowerment across the world were – “#MeToo, #NiUnaMenos, #TimesUp. #UnVioladorEnTuCamino”.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/women-in-police/

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/mar/05/nine-out-of-10-people-found-to-be-biased-against-women

https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/03/1058731

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