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India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project, which entails deploying laser-activated fences and technology-enabled barriers to plug vulnerable gaps along frontiers, will be launched by home minister Rajnath Singh on Monday.

Smart fencing at the borders is a technological solution devised to address the security issues in the border states and the two projects in five kilometres areas each have been installed along the Indo-Pak International Border in Jammu on a pilot basis. 

The smart border fencing projects built under the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) programme is the first of its kind in the country.  

The two projects  each covering a 5.5 km border stretch along the International Border  have got hitech surveillance system that would create an invisible electronic barrier on land, water and even in air and underground and would help the BSF detect and foil infiltration bids in most difficult terrains.

The CIBMS is designed to guard stretches where physical surveillance is not possible either due to inhospitable terrain or riverine borders. 

CIBMS uses a number of different devices for surveillance, communication and data storage.  

Sensors like Thermal Imager, UGS, Fiber Optical Sensors, Radar, Sonar have been mounted on different platforms like Aerostat, tower, poles etc.

A comprehensive integration of such sensors and other technical systems of communication and data processing have been achieved in the CIBMS project.

The signals reach the Unified Command and Control Centre where the BSF can monitor the border on real-time basis.

The CIBMS enables round-the-clock surveillance on border and under different weather conditions be it in dust storm, fog or rain. 

Director general KK Sharma had earlier said such gadgetry will be deployed along 2,400 km of India’s border with Pakistan and Bangladesh in the future.

While one of the smart fence has been developed by a Slovenian firm, the second has been developed and deployed by an Indian company.

There have been several attempts of infiltration by terrorists who cut the fences to enter into India from Pakistan side. 

India’s border with Pakistan runs through four states, Jammu and Kashmir (1,225 km which includes 740 km of Line of Control), Rajasthan (1,037 km), Punjab (553 km) and Gujarat (508 km). 

The government has set a target of completely sealing the India-Pakistan border by December 2018.

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