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Sleep day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Sleep day

WORLD SLEEP DAY

What’s in news?

The World Sleep Day Committee of World Sleep Society organized the World Sleep Day with an objective to minimize the burden of the problems related to sleep on the society through better prevention and management of sleep disorders.

Key data’s:

  • Since 2007, World Sleep Day is celebrated annually as a global awareness event that is hosted by the World Sleep Society.
  • In 2020, this year marks the 13th annual World Sleep Day on 13 March.
  • Slogan of World Sleep Day is Better Sleep, Better Life, Better Planet.
  • It highlights the importance of sleep that acts as a pillar of health, allows better decision making and generates a cognitive understanding. It also focuses on the quality of life that can be improved with healthy sleep.
  • The main goal of the first World Sleep Day was to bring healthcare providers together to discuss the information related to sleep across the globe and distribute its importance.
  • It is celebrated on Friday 13 March in 2020. Basically, it is held before Spring Vernal Equinox of each year (the exact date may change annually but always held on Friday).

Tips:

  • It is hosted by the World Sleep Society (WSS) which is a non-profit based organisation in the United States.
  • To improve the poor sleep habits that are a cause of poor-quality sleep-in adults the World Sleep Society has provided 10 tips. These are as follows:
    • Generate a regular bedtime and waking time.
    • If you are habitual of taking siestas then do not exceed 45 minutes of daytime sleep.
    • Avoid taking excessive alcohol at least 4 hours before bedtime and also do not smoke.
    • Avoid taking caffeine 6 hours before going to bedtime. It includes coffee, tea, soda drinks, and chocolates.
    • Take a light snack before going to bed at night. It will be better to avoid heavy, spicy or sugary foods 4 hours before bedtime.

Importance of sleep:

  • A recent study revealed that those with least sleep had the greatest risk of developing mental health issues, behavioural problems and future emotional problems.
  • Another study revealed that those who got a different amount of sleep each night or who had no regular bedtime and wake-up times had more than double the risk of experiencing a cardiovascular event compared to those with the most regular sleep patterns.
  • A large-scale study which looked at 49,050 children and teens age six to 17-years old found that children who get a sufficient amount of sleep on week nights are 44 per cent more likely to show interest and curiosity in learning new things, 33 per cent more likely to do their homework, 28 per cent more likely to care about doing well in school, and 14 per cent more likely to finish tasks, compared with children who did not get sufficient sleep.

Sleep Disorders:

  • Sleep disorder is a condition that results due to improper sleep or the way that you sleep. It can affect the overall health, safety, and quality of life. Other health problems can also occur due to improper sleep.
  • Signs and symptoms of sleep disorders are excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep.
  • Sleep disorders can be of various types and can be grouped into various categories including behaviour, problems with natural sleep-wake cycles, breathing problems, difficulty in sleeping or how much sleepy you feel during the day.
  • Common types of sleep disorders are:
    • Insomnia: Difficulty in falling asleep or remain asleep during the whole night.
    • Sleep Apnea: When you are sleeping in the night you feel difficulty in breathing patterns. There are several types of sleep apnea.
    • Restless legs syndrome (RLS): It is a sleep movement disorder. It is also known as Willis-Ekbom disease. It also causes an uncomfortable sensation and an urge to move the legs while you try to fall asleep.
    • Narcolepsy: It is a condition that is characterised by extreme sleepiness during the day and falling asleep during the day.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/national-archives-of-india/

https://www.hindustantimes.com/more-lifestyle/world-sleep-day-2020-interesting-facts-about-sleep-that-might-surprise-you/story-8XgT4vAi8UklbZLFQZmDDJ.html

https://www.indulgexpress.com/sex-health/wellness/2020/mar/13/world-sleep-day-cant-catch-zs-holistic-lifestyle-expert-luke-coutinho-cracks-the-circadian-code-23060.html

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