Bird Flu and Skin Disease
BIRD FLU IN KERALA
What’s in news?
Avian influenza has been confirmed only at three places in Kozhikode and Malappuram.
- From the samples, it was confirmed as H5N1 or avian influenza.
- The last time bird flu was confirmed in Kerala was in 2016.
- Special squads had been formed to cull birds within a certain distance around the affected areas.
- The state Cabinet has decided to give a compensation to the owners of the hens which were culled as part of the government’s precautionary measures following the outbreak of bird flu.
- State was well-equipped with specialised laboratories to diagnose zoonotic diseases without delay and adopt preventive measures.
LUMPY SKIN DISEASE
What’s in news?
The Animal Husbandry Department is in firefighting mode with rise in the number of cases of lumpy skin disease among cattle in several parts of Ernakulam and and other districts in the State of kerala.
- The disease is caused by capripox virus.
- It did not result in high mortality rate but morbidity among affected animals was a serious threat to dairying.
- Lumpy skin disease results in severe pain for animals and eruptions on the skin. The disease does not spread from animals to humans but spread quickly from animal to animal via carriers.
- Sources said that the disease was being reported in Kerala for the first time and that the Uttarkashi strain of goat pox was being deployed for vaccination.
- The production of milk had fallen from 19.1 lakh litres a day in December 2019 to 18.69 lakh litres by January 2020.
- The situation had resulted in the decrease of 41,000 litres of milk a day.
- The deficit is being met through imports from neighbouring States like Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. However, supplies from these States were drying up with a hike in the price of milk there.
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