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Sign language - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Sign language


What’s in news?

Russia officially joined the Paris Agreement on climate change.


  • Russia is the world’s fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases and the biggest emitter not to have ratified the landmark global climate deal.
  • The Paris Agreement, which Russia signed in 2016, gives countries a choice in how to join the accords by ratification, acceptance, approval or accession to the agreement, depending on their national legislation.

Key data:

  • Russia recognized its obligations under the Paris climate accord by signing the document.
  • Russia will now allocate financial resources to developing countries for prevention of and adaptation to climate change.

Paris agreement:

  • Paris agreement is part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2015.
  • Under the Paris deal, industrialized nations pledged financial support for developing countries for climate protection measures, technology transfer, and capacity-building programs.
  • The agreement was signed by 196 countries and intends to mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing carbon emissions and limiting global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius.



What’s in news?

International Day of Sign Languages (IDSL) was observed on September 23, 2019 since 2017.

Key data’s:

  • Aim: To raise awareness of the importance of sign language in the full realization of the human rights of people who are deaf.
  • Themes:
    • 2019: Sign Language Rights for All! 
    • 2018: With Sign Language, everyone is Included!
  • The choice of 23 September is the same date that the World Federation of the Deaf was established in 1951.
  • United Nations was formally accepted the day and celebrated since 2017.
  • IDSL is being celebrated along with International Week of the Deaf.
  • Sign languages are fully-fledged natural languages, structurally distinct from the spoken languages.
  • In India, ‘Sign Language Day’ was celebrated by the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre (ISLRTC), an autonomous body under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities,
  • On this day, Social Justice and Empowerment Minister distributed awards to the winners of the Second Indian Sign Language Competition 2019.
  • For the Competition, entries were invited from children with hearing disability on jokes, stories and essays in Indian Sign Language, studying in Delhi-NCR.


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