Sign language and Paris agreement
RUSSIA JOINED PARIS AGREEMENT
What’s in news?
Russia officially joined the Paris Agreement on climate change.
- Russia is the world’s fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases and the biggest emitter not to have ratified the landmark global climate deal.
- The Paris Agreement, which Russia signed in 2016, gives countries a choice in how to join the accords by ratification, acceptance, approval or accession to the agreement, depending on their national legislation.
- Russia recognized its obligations under the Paris climate accord by signing the document.
- Russia will now allocate financial resources to developing countries for prevention of and adaptation to climate change.
- Paris agreement is part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2015.
- Under the Paris deal, industrialized nations pledged financial support for developing countries for climate protection measures, technology transfer, and capacity-building programs.
- The agreement was signed by 196 countries and intends to mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing carbon emissions and limiting global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius.
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF SIGN LANGUAGES
What’s in news?
International Day of Sign Languages (IDSL) was observed on September 23, 2019 since 2017.
- Aim: To raise awareness of the importance of sign language in the full realization of the human rights of people who are deaf.
- 2019: Sign Language Rights for All!
- 2018: With Sign Language, everyone is Included!
- The choice of 23 September is the same date that the World Federation of the Deaf was established in 1951.
- United Nations was formally accepted the day and celebrated since 2017.
- IDSL is being celebrated along with International Week of the Deaf.
- Sign languages are fully-fledged natural languages, structurally distinct from the spoken languages.
- In India, ‘Sign Language Day’ was celebrated by the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre (ISLRTC), an autonomous body under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities,
- On this day, Social Justice and Empowerment Minister distributed awards to the winners of the Second Indian Sign Language Competition 2019.
- For the Competition, entries were invited from children with hearing disability on jokes, stories and essays in Indian Sign Language, studying in Delhi-NCR.
Links to note: