What’s in news?
- A report was released by “Integrated disease Surveillance program” regarding the H1N1 cases recorded in India.
Key findings of the report:
- 14,992 H1N1 cases were recorded in 2018. But in 2019, till March, 20977 and death numbered to 677.
- In this record, Rajasthan is at top of the list, followed by Gujarat, & Delhi.
Integrated disease Surveillance program:
- Launched in 2004 by the Union ministry of Health & Family Welfare and extended in periodical manner.
- The objective of this programme is to strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team (RRTs).
- H1N1 flu is also known as swine flu, because in the past, the people who caught it had direct contact with pigs. It is a viral disease.
- This result in respiratory disease caused by type A influenza viruses of seasonal influenza.
- Seasonal influenza is an acute respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses. There are 4 types of seasonal influenza viruses: – Type A, B, C and D. Influenza A and B viruses circulate and cause seasonal epidemicsof disease.
- In later days, the virus emerged and affect the persons who hadn’t been near pigs.
- In 2009, WHO announced H1N1 is pandemic, as it was spread to many parts of the world.
Transmission / causes:
- It is contagious disease spreads in the same way as the seasonal flu spreads.
- When people who have it cough or sneeze, they spray tiny drops of the virus into the air. If you come in contact with these drops or touch a surface (such as a doorknob or sink) that an infected person has recently touched, you can catch H1N1 swine flu.
- Pregnant women who contract the H1N1 infection are at a greater risk of developing complications because of hormonal changes, physical changes and changes to their immune system to accommodate the growing foetus.
- It is not transmitted by eating pork products.
- Most symptoms are the same as seasonal flu like Cough, Fever, Sore throat, Stuffy or runny nose, Body Aches, Headache, Chills and Fatigue.
- Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir(Relenza), works best to treat this H1N1.
- The counter pain remedies and cold and flu medications can help in relieve aches, pains, and fever.
- Treating children (under 18) with Aspirin, may cause Reye’s syndrome.
- Antibiotics will never help to treat this disease, because flu is caused by a virus, not bacteria.