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ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS
  1. SUPREME COURT QUESTIONED THE ASSAM STATE GOVERNMENT

What’s in news?

CJI Rangan Gogoi, questioned the Assam government, about the method used to trace 70,000 immigrants as illegal and declared as the “declaring foreigners”

Key data’s:

  • Out of 91,609 illegal foreigners declared by Foreigners Tribunals in Assam, 72,486 are absconding.
  • Chief Justice of India questioned the state government of Assam, about the process of finding the illegal immigrants into the state of Assam.

Background:

Before the Partition of India, internal migration was common between Bangladesh and the regions of Assam & West Bengal. While under colonial rule Assam was sparsely populated and the British, who wanted to exploit the resources from the region wished to see it settled. Through internal migration labour was brought from the northern regions of India, West Bengal and the region which now comprises Bangladesh

The following are the reasons for migrating into India;

  • During the Bangladesh liberation war, it is estimated that up to 10 million people fled from East Pakistan to India so as to escape the genocidal actions being carried out by the West pakistan armed forces.
  • There were outbreaks of cholera throughout the refugee camps, the WHO estimated 51,000 cases and it is estimated that 3000 people died from the disease.
  • Another reason is a trip to India from Bangladesh is one of the cheapest in the world, costing around Rs. 2000, which includes the fee for the “Tour Operator”. As Bangladeshis are culturally similar to the Bengali people in India, they are able to pass off as Indian citizens and settle down in any part of India to establish a future, for a very small price. This false identity, bolstered with false documentation available for as little as Rs. 200.

Impacts in destination country due to migration:

  1. Positive impacts:
    • Cheap labour
    • Skilled labour
    • Cultural diversity
  2. Negative impacts:
  • Discrimination / rasicim
  • Rise in unemployment of internal peoples
  • Break down of culture and tradition
  • Spreading of diseases.
  • India is also one of the world’s top destinations for international migrantsAbout 5.2 million immigrants live in India, making it the 12th-largest immigrant population in the world. The overwhelming majority of India’s immigrants are from neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and SriLanka.
  • Recently, Myanmar also joined in the list, as thousands of Rohingya Muslims migrated into India in order to avoid, religious persecution.

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/rohingya-refugees/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/how-will-you-trace-the-undeclared-foreigners-in-assam-sc-asks-assam-govt/article26700321.ece?homepage=true

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladeshis_in_India

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