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Saccharine - Current Affairs |Shanmugam IAS academy coimbatore
SACCHARINE 2

ANTI-DUMPING DUTY ON SACCHARINE:

What’s in news?

On the recommendations of the Commerce Ministry, The Finance Ministry has, imposed an anti-dumping duty of $1,633.17 per tonne on the import of saccharine from Indonesia.

Key data’s:

  • Saccharine is a compound most commonly used in sugar-substitute sweeteners.
  • Indonesia, all time accounted for a large chunk of India’s saccharine imports.
  • In 2017-18, India imported $4.36 million worth of saccharine from Indonesia, which is 43% of the total imports of the sugar-substitute compound.
  • But during the period 2018-19, the imports were declined to $1.48 million worth of saccharine from Indonesia, about 20% of its total imports from around the world.
  • The reason for the decline is, the country was breached its normal exporting value and the domestic manufacturers were suffered severely.
  • In order to protect our domestic manufacturers, the Commerce Ministry demanded to impose an Anti-Dumping duty on Saccharine.
  • Recently, India has imposed an Anti-Dumping duty on 4 countries namely China, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.

Saccharin:

  • The Saccharin is an artificial, or non-nutritive, sweetener was first discovered in 1878 by researcher Constantin Fahlberg. Its popularity further increased during the 1960s and 1970s among dieters as a result of its ‘calorie-free’ status.
  • Saccharin is used in the production of various foods and pharmaceutical products including baked goods, Jams, Chewing gum, Tinned fruit, Medicines and Toothpaste.
  • It is 200 to 700 times sweeter than sucrose(table sugar), does not raise blood sugar levels and like all non-nutritive sweeteners has no calories.
  • It does have a bitter or metallic aftertaste, especially at high concentrations.

Advantage of using Saccharin:

  • Saccharin is often blended with other artificial sweeteners to compensate for each sweetener’s weaknesses.
  • Consumption of saccharin-sweetened products can benefit diabetics as the substance goes directly through the human digestive system without being digested. While saccharin has no food energy, it can trigger the release of insulin in humans due to its sweet taste.

Disadvantage of using Saccharin:

  • Although marketed as a ‘calorie-free’ sweetener, several recent studies have found that saccharin actually raises blood glucose levels. It is thought that these effects are due to changes in gut bacteria triggered by the sweeteners.
  • Saccharin has long been considered carcinogenic because it produced bladder tumours in rats and banned in 1981 but now unbanned, with more than 100 countries worldwide.
  • Survival reality demands realistic assessments of dose–response for all ingested chemicals. The absurdity of not considering dose–response relationships, particularly with carcinogens, is highlighted here, with some interpretations extrapolated from known doses of carcinogens.

Important Links:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/anti-dumping-duty/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/anti-dumping-duty-put-on-saccharine/article27041125.ece

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3185898/

https://www.diabetes.co.uk/sweeteners/saccharin.html

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