Real Time Gross Settlement
RBI ANNOUNCES RTGS
What’s in news?
Recently, RBI has announced an extension in the timings applicable to RTGS transfers by one-and-a-half hours.
- Most banks across the country today offer the service of Real Time Gross Settlement but levy certain charges.
- The Reserve Bank of India has increased the Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) time window for customer transactions (initial cut-off) from 4.30 pm to 6 pm.
- The RBI said the time-varying charges for transactions in Real Time Gross Settlement from 1 pm to 6 pm (1 pm to 4.30 pm earlier) shall be ₹5 per outward transaction. After 6 pm (4.30 pm earlier), these charges will be ₹10.
- This follows a robust year-on-year increase in the number of transactions by 8 per cent to ₹1,335 crore in March 2019.
- The aggregate amount of transactions rose 12 per cent year-on-year to ₹1,255.51 crore.
- State Bank of India (SBI) and ICICI Bank, for example, charge a fee ranging from Rs. 50 to Rs. 56 per transaction from their customers for making a money transfer of more than Rs. 5 lakhs through Real Time Gross Settlement.
- Recently, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) – which manages the Real Time Gross Settlement payments system – has announced an extension in the timings applicable to RTGS transfers by one-and-a-half hours. The extended window for RTGS will be applicable from June 1.
Real Time Gross Settlement:
- ‘Real Time’ means the processing of instructions at the time they are received; ‘Gross Settlement’ means that the settlement of funds transfer instructions occurs individually.
- Real Time Gross Settlement or RTGS, a payment system, is primarily meant for large value transactions. The minimum amount to be remitted through RTGS is ₹2 lakh with no upper or maximum ceiling.
- RTGS is a system of continuous and real-time settlement of fund-transfers, individually on a transaction by transaction basis.
- National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) is another popular form of fund transfer.
- With NEFT, you can transfer any amount to the recipient’s account in a one-on-one transfer basis. NEFT transactions don’t have a maximum limit for funds that can be transferred in a single day.
- There is no limit for the minimum/maximum for fund transfer.
- However, NEFT operates in hourly batches. Currently, India’s largest bank SBI provides 12 settlements from 8 am to 7 pm on weekdays and five settlements from 8 am to 1 pm on Saturdays.
- One important feature of this method is that the funds are transferred in batches that are settled in hourly time slots. So, depending on the batch in which the funds were transferred, you can expect the recipient to receive the funds within 2 hours of transfer.
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