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Rohingya - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

India has built 250 homes in Myanmar to assists Rohingya Muslims who are as a refugee in India.

Key data’s:

  • In a bid to help repatriation of the Rohingya refugees, India has handed over 250 completed pre-fabricated homes to the Myanmar government for use by the refugees upon their return.
  • Two years after more than 700,000 Rohingya fled to camps in Bangladesh alleging ethnic cleansing by Myanmar forces, the Indian government stepped up efforts to help them return to their villages.
  • Ambassador to Myanmar Saurabh Kumar handed over 250 completed pre-fabricated homes to the Myanmar government for use by the refugees when they return.
  • This is part of an agreement signed by the two governments in 2017, under which the Indian government had committed to spending $25 million over five years.
  • The 250 houses, built in three clusters, are in the Shwe Zar, Kyein Chaung Taung and Nan Thar Taung areas that saw some of the worst cases of violence, including mass murder, gang-rape of women and children and burning of thousands of homes.
  • The Myanmar government has also handed over a list of 21 other projects that it wants India to fund as part of the agreement, including the construction of small villages, culverts and school buildings.
  • So far, the Indian government has sent more than 20,000 refugees’ names to the Myanmar government for verification, a first step in repatriating them. Around 13,000 names have been confirmed by the authorities.
  • Apart from India, Japan, China & other ASEAN countries are looking to introduce some infrastructure projests that will help boost economy as well the quality of like for the refugees in their own country.

Who are the Rohingyas?

  • The Rohingya are an ethnic group, the majority of whom are Muslim.
  • The Rohingyas are 100 per cent Bengali and speak a Chittagong dialect. They currently reside in Rakhine State, Myanmar.
  • There was an estimated about 1 million Rohingya living in Myanmar before the 2016–17 crisis.

What is the background of Rohingyas?

  • Ronhingyas were forcibly settled in Burma by the British in order to control the Arakan (Rakhine State) in Myanmar and they were spread through the country.
  • Burmese Prime Minister Ne Win evacuated out the Rohingyas from much of Burma in 1962 but those in Arakan, remained.
  • But the government efforts remained the same. Due to the government’s efforts around Rohingya were displaced, 200,000 (1978), 250,000 (1991), 14000 (2012) and are at it again.

Other International Initiatives:

  • About 70 per cent of the one million refugees are now receiving food aid, according to the Inter Sector Coordination Group report from mid-April 2018. Currently around 1 lakh people are provided adequate foods to treat their malnutrition.
  • In order to minimize the risk of disease and infection, large-scale vaccination programmes have been launched to try to minimise the risk of disease. Around 4 lakh children (Under 15 years of age) were given a five-in-one vaccination, including cover for diptheria, tetanus and whooping cough.
  • To improve sanitation and public health, 47,639 temporary emergency latrines have been built Bangladesh military.
  • Bangladesh has built more shelters in the Cox’s Bazaar area but also wants to limit their travel to allocated areas.
  • The UK has pledged £59m in aid to support those fleeing to Bangladesh. UK Prime Minister Theresa May also said the military action in Rakhine had to stop. The UK has suspended training courses for the Myanmar military.

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