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Rising seas - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Rising seas

UN WARNS OF RAISING SEAS

What’s in news?

French news agency AFP, had obtained a copy of UN report – the document outlines a grim scenario in which the warming oceans are “poised to unleash misery on a global scale.

Key data:

Report warnings:

  • The damage caused by catastrophic “superstorms” combined with rising sea levels could increase by a hundred-fold or more, displacing hundreds of millions of people from coastlines around the world unless more is done to limit greenhouse gas emissions, according to a draft report by the United Nations.
  • Unless there are serious cuts to man-made greenhouse gas emissions, at least 30 per cent of the northern hemisphere’s surface permafrost could melt within just 80 years.
  • This melt would unleash billions of tonnes of carbon stored in what are currently permafrost areas, which will accelerate rates of global warming even more.
  • The upshot would be warming seas and rising coastlines, which could immediately threaten 280 million people.
  • Destructive changes already set in motion could see a steady decline in fish stocks, a hundred-fold or more increase in the damages caused by superstorms, and hundreds of millions of people displaced by rising seas.

Extreme events:

  • By 2050, many low-lying megacities and small island nations will experience “extreme sea level events” every year, the report concludes.
  • Even if the world manages to cap global warming at two degrees Celsius, the global ocean waterline will rise enough to displace more 250 million people.
  • The report indicated this could happen as soon as 2100, though some experts think it is more likely to happen on a longer timescale.

Major initiatives of the Government of India towards combating climate change:

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC):

  • The Action plan covers eight major missions on Solar, Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Habitat, Water, Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, Green India, Sustainable Agriculture and Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change.

International Solar Alliance (ISA): 

  • ISA was jointly launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the then President of France, Francois Hollande in Paris on the side-lines of CoP 21 in 2015.
  • The vision and mission of the alliance is to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries that lie completely or partial between the Tropics of Capricorn & Cancer.

State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC): 

  • State governments have drafted climate strategies aligned with the eight National Missions under the NAPCC. The strategies focus on issues ranging from climate mitigation, energy efficiency, and resource conservation to climate adaptation.

FAME Scheme for E-mobility: 

  • Union Government in April 2015 launched Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) – India Scheme with an aim to boost sales of eco-friendly vehicles in the country. It is a part of the National Mission for Electric Mobility.

AMRUT:

  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation (AMRUT) for Smart Cities.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana: 

  • The scheme provides LPG connections to five crore below-poverty-line beneficiaries. The connections are given in the name of women beneficiaries to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and conventional fuel like cow dung for cooking food, thus reducing air pollution.

UJALA scheme: 

  • The scheme was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2015 with a target of replacing 77 crore incandescent lamps with LED bulbs.
  • The usage of LED bulbs will not only result in reducing electricity bills but also help in environment protection.

Swachh Bharat Mission:

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Movement) is a campaign that was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014. The campaign seeks to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country’s 4041 statutory cities and towns.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/ooty-climate-change/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/un-warns-of-rising-seas-storm-surges/article29291453.ece

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-crisis-sea-level-rise-un-ipcc-report-global-warming-a9083891.html

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