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research on ‘indigenous cows’ - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Indigenous cows

RESEARCH ON INDIGENOUS COWS

What’s in news?

A new programme ‘SUTRA PIC India’ has been unveiled by the Union Government to research on ‘indigenous cows’.

Key data’s:

  • To carry out research on primary products of indigenous cows, a new programme ‘SUTRA PIC India’ has been unveiled by the Union Government.
  • ‘SUTRA PIC India’ abbreviated as “Scientific Utilisation Through Research Augmentation Prime Products from Indigenous Cows”.
  • Led by: The scientific research was led by the Department of Science and Technology.
  • Partners: The Department of Science and Technology was partnered with Department of Biotechnology, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Ministry of AYUSH, the Indian Council of Medical Research.
  • Funded by: The research programme is funded by multiple scientific ministries, NGOs active in India with proven record of accomplishment in executing S&T based and R&D projects.
  • Fund allotted: 98 crores have already been allocated for the programme.
  • Theme: The new programme has five themes;
    • Uniqueness of Indigenous Cows
    • Prime products from Indigenous cows for Medicine and Health
    • Prime products from Indigenous cows for Agricultural applications
    • Prime products from Indigenous cows for Food and Nutrition
    • Prime products from Indigenous cows-based utility items
  • Aim: The intention behind this programme are as follows;
  • To perform scientific research on complete characterization of milk and milk products derived from Indian indigenous cows
  • To perform scientific research on nutritional and therapeutic properties of curd and ghee prepared from indigenous breeds of cows by traditional methods
  • To develop the standards for traditionally processed dairy products of Indian-origin cow
  • The government floated the ‘Call for Proposal’, inviting project proposals from scientists and academics as well as grassroots organisations.

Data to know:

Indigenous cows:

  • India had 27 acknowledged indigenous breeds of cattle and 7 breeds of buffaloes out of 800 globally recognized cattle breeds
  • Indigenous vs exotic:
    • Meaning: Indigenous means ‘native’to the area and Exotic means ‘foreign’ or ‘not native’.
    • Belong to: An indigenous breed was developed in the particular area and an exotic one was developed someplace else and brought to the area.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/sa-agulhas/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/government-unveils-plan-for-research-on-indigenous-cows/article30845071.ece

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