RESEARCH ON INDIGENOUS COWS
What’s in news?
A new programme ‘SUTRA PIC India’ has been unveiled by the Union Government to research on ‘indigenous cows’.
- To carry out research on primary products of indigenous cows, a new programme ‘SUTRA PIC India’ has been unveiled by the Union Government.
- ‘SUTRA PIC India’ abbreviated as “Scientific Utilisation Through Research Augmentation Prime Products from Indigenous Cows”.
- Led by: The scientific research was led by the Department of Science and Technology.
- Partners: The Department of Science and Technology was partnered with Department of Biotechnology, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Ministry of AYUSH, the Indian Council of Medical Research.
- Funded by: The research programme is funded by multiple scientific ministries, NGOs active in India with proven record of accomplishment in executing S&T based and R&D projects.
- Fund allotted: 98 crores have already been allocated for the programme.
- Theme: The new programme has five themes;
- Uniqueness of Indigenous Cows
- Prime products from Indigenous cows for Medicine and Health
- Prime products from Indigenous cows for Agricultural applications
- Prime products from Indigenous cows for Food and Nutrition
- Prime products from Indigenous cows-based utility items
- Aim: The intention behind this programme are as follows;
- To perform scientific research on complete characterization of milk and milk products derived from Indian indigenous cows
- To perform scientific research on nutritional and therapeutic properties of curd and ghee prepared from indigenous breeds of cows by traditional methods
- To develop the standards for traditionally processed dairy products of Indian-origin cow
- The government floated the ‘Call for Proposal’, inviting project proposals from scientists and academics as well as grassroots organisations.
Data to know:
- India had 27 acknowledged indigenous breeds of cattle and 7 breeds of buffaloes out of 800 globally recognized cattle breeds
- Indigenous vs exotic:
- Meaning: Indigenous means ‘native’to the area and Exotic means ‘foreign’ or ‘not native’.
- Belong to: An indigenous breed was developed in the particular area and an exotic one was developed someplace else and brought to the area.
Links to note: