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Renewable energy - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Renewable energy


What’s in news?

India’s renewable energy target will be increased to 450 GW, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at the United Nations Climate Action Summit.


  • India is one of the few countries on its way to meet its Nationally Determined Commitments stated in the Paris Agreement in 2015. 
  • India is committed to achieving 175GW by 2022. 
  • India is almost halfway toward to meeting its target of 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022.
  • At the state-level, Rajasthan released its new Solar Policy 2019 with the aim of building 50 GW of solar capacity in the next five-six years.
  • In September 2019, Gujarat took the lead in announcing that it will not give fresh permission for setting up new coal plants in the state, with plans to boost renewable capacity to 30 GW by 2022.
  • Similarly, Chhattisgarh, a state with third-largest coal reserves in India, has also decided to not build new coal plants.

Key data:

  • The summit, which was organised to boost action to implement the Paris Agreement, which was signed in 2015, was attended by several world leaders.
  • India will increase share of non-fossil fuel, will increase renewable energy capacity to beyond 175 GW by 2022 and take it to 400 GW.  

Initiatives taken by India to mitigate climate change:

  • India gifted solar panels—one each for the 193 UN member states—which are installed on the roof of the United Nations headquarters in New York. The solar panels, which are valued about a million dollars, symbolises India’s commitment for a renewable future. India inaugurated these solar panels.
  • India planned to considerably increase the proportion of the biofuel blend in petrol and diesel.
  • About 80 countries have joined our international Solar Alliance initiative.
  • India and Sweden, along with other parties, are launching the Industry Transition Track Leadership group. A platform for governments and the private sector to work together to develop low carbon pathways for industry. 
  • A Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure. This initiative was approved by the Union Cabinet last month and ₹480 crore has been allocated for technical assistance and projects. 
  • Clean cooking gas has been provided to 150 million families.
  • India would spend approximately $50 billion “in the next few years” on the Jal Jeevan Mission to conserve water, harvest rainwater and develop water resources,


  • Renewable energy was costly and achieving the set target might not be easy.
  • Renewable energy can be used to generate electricity and according to recent reports, power lines have become the reason for killing several species of birds.

About Jal Jeevan mission:

Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, the government will focus on rainwater harvesting and water conservation in 256 districts in the first phase and carry out other initiatives, including renovation of traditional water bodies and tanks, reuse of water and recharge structures, watershed development and intensive afforestation.


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