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Reintroduction - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Reintroduction

REINTRODUCTION OF CHEETAH

What’s in news?

The Supreme Court today allowed the Centre to introduce the African cheetah to suitable habitat in India.

Key data’s:

  • The cheetah is the only large carnivore that has been, mainly by over-hunting in India in historical times. As the Indian cheetah was extinct in India, the NTCA was planned to introduce African Cheetahs into India.
  • Petition: A petition was filed by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) seeking permission for the introduction of the African cheetah into the Indian Forest.
  • From: The African Cheetah will be from Namibia.
  • Reason: The reason mentioned for this introduction is due to extinct of Indian cheetah in the country.
  • Committee: The Supreme Court also constituted a committee to guide the NTCA in taking a decision on the issue. The committee which comprises of 3 members;
    • Ranjit Singh – Former Director Wildlife of India.
    • Dhananjay Mohan – Director General of Wildlife of India
    • Ministry of Environment and Forests
  • Report: The 3-member committee should submit the report before the court for every four months. 
  • Decision and introduction: The decision for relocation of the African cheetah will be taken after a proper survey and the action of introduction of the animal will be left to the NTCA’s discretion.
  • The Centre to introduce the animals in ‘carefully chosen locations’.
  • Previous attempt: Previously, India had approached Iran for Asiatic cheetahs, but had been refused. 
  • Reintroduction: ‘Reintroduction’ of a species means releasing it in an area where it is capable of surviving.

Data to know:

  • Asiatic cheetah: Critically Endangered – the species faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • Northwest African cheetah / Saharan Cheetah: Critically Endangered.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/extinct/

http://www.newsonair.com/News?title=SC-allows-centre-to-introduce-African-cheetah-to-suitable-habitat-in-India&id=379455

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/variety/sc-allows-introduction-of-african-cheetah-in-india/article30676830.ece

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