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Reintroduction - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

The Supreme Court today allowed the Centre to introduce the African cheetah to suitable habitat in India.

Key data’s:

  • The cheetah is the only large carnivore that has been, mainly by over-hunting in India in historical times. As the Indian cheetah was extinct in India, the NTCA was planned to introduce African Cheetahs into India.
  • Petition: A petition was filed by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) seeking permission for the introduction of the African cheetah into the Indian Forest.
  • From: The African Cheetah will be from Namibia.
  • Reason: The reason mentioned for this introduction is due to extinct of Indian cheetah in the country.
  • Committee: The Supreme Court also constituted a committee to guide the NTCA in taking a decision on the issue. The committee which comprises of 3 members;
    • Ranjit Singh – Former Director Wildlife of India.
    • Dhananjay Mohan – Director General of Wildlife of India
    • Ministry of Environment and Forests
  • Report: The 3-member committee should submit the report before the court for every four months. 
  • Decision and introduction: The decision for relocation of the African cheetah will be taken after a proper survey and the action of introduction of the animal will be left to the NTCA’s discretion.
  • The Centre to introduce the animals in ‘carefully chosen locations’.
  • Previous attempt: Previously, India had approached Iran for Asiatic cheetahs, but had been refused. 
  • Reintroduction: ‘Reintroduction’ of a species means releasing it in an area where it is capable of surviving.

Data to know:

  • Asiatic cheetah: Critically Endangered – the species faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • Northwest African cheetah / Saharan Cheetah: Critically Endangered.

Links to note:

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