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Pre-Departure Orientation Programme

Pre-Departure Orientation Programme

Why in news Pre-Departure Orientation Programme?

  • Given the need to orient potential migrant workers with regard to language, culture, do’s and don’ts in the destination country, the emigration process and welfare measures, a Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDOT) programmehas been launched.
  • Moreover, The National Skill Development Corporation is the implementing agency for this programme.
  • However, MSDE has not signed any Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with South Asian countries under the ‘Skill India Programme’.

 Key facts:

  • The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in collaboration with Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is conducting the PDOT programme under the Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY).
  • The National Skill Development Corporation is the implementing agency for this programme.


About Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY):

  • The Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is aimed at skilling Indians seeking employment abroad.
  • The programme is also aimed at boosting the confidence of the Indian youth so that they don’t feel like strangers when they land in a country of their choice for vocation.
  • Moreover, PKVY will train and certify Indians, who are keen on overseas employment in select sectors, in line with international standards.
  • It will be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation through its training partners and in consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs and the Skill Development Ministry.
  • The objective is to provide quality education, better skills and employment opportunities.


About NSDC:

  • National Skill Development Corporation India (NSDC), established in 2009, is a not- for- profit company set up by the Ministry of Finance.
  • NSDC aims to promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions.


  • It provides funding to build scalable and profitable vocational training initiatives.
  • Its mandate is also to enable support system which focuses on quality assurance, information systems and train the trainer academies either directly or through partnerships.
  • It also develops appropriate models to enhance, support and coordinate private sector initiatives.

Why do we Need NSDC?

  • Because there is shortage of skilled workers in every sector.
  • Government plans to pump in around Rs 40,000 crore in over five years to provide skill to around 3 crore people during the period.

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