PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSAL VIKAS YOJANA:
This is the flagship scheme for skill training of youth to be implemented by the new Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The scheme will cover 10 million youth during the period 2016 -2020.
Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.
The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) was thus envisaged as a key measure to impart skills-based training to young men and women, making them capable of earning and supporting the nation’s anti-poverty endeavours.
The scheme becomes all the more important in India as it has the world’s largest youth population that requires employable skills.
Short Term Training
The Short Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed.
Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
RPL is a very important function associated with National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). RPL can be defined as the process of recognising previous learning, often experiential, towards gaining a qualification.
RPL is of particular significance in India, especially in the informal sector that employs more than 90% of the workforce (MoSPI 2012).
While there is an urgent need for skill-based training for jobs across the country, the absence of sufficient training avenues prevents the existing workforce to acquire skill training through formal channels.
As a result, most of the skill acquisition takes place through informal channels such as family occupation, on-the-job training under master craftsman, etc. Reconciling these issues is at the core of RPL framework in India.
Integrating RPL framework within the general and vocational education systems is the need of the hour. RPL will be particularly beneficial for the youth of the country because it can enable individuals to build on skills acquired.
The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, Corporates or Industry bodies, and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs).
Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability, and helps in leveraging the cumulative knowledge of the community for better functioning.
In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process.
TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage; they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.
PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands in the market.
To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empaneled Inspection Agencies shall use various methodologies, such as self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development Management System (SDMS). These methodologies shall be enhanced with the engagement of latest technologies.
Skill India has introduced two new benefits, accident insurance cover and DigiLocker facility, for certified candidates under the PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) to encourage youth to take up skill enhancement programmes.
NSDC has collaborated with The New India Assurance Co. Ltd. (NIA) to provide Kaushal Bima insurance facility to the certified candidates under the scheme. As per the current regulations of IRDA, 3-year Personal Accidental Insurance covering death and permanent disability for a sum insured of Rs 2 lakh will be provided through the scheme,”
- The scheme would be implemented through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
- In addition, Central / State Government affiliated training providers would also be used for training under the scheme.
- All training providers will have to register on the SMART portal before being eligible for participating under this scheme.
- Training would include soft skills, personal grooming, behavioral change for cleanliness, good work ethics.
- Sector Skill Councils and the State Governments would closely monitor skill training that will happen under PMKVY.
PMKVY, with its thrust on skill development to build human capital for future markets is sure to reap benefits for our economy. The new Policy and a Mission mode approach to deliver results will usher in a new era in the development of human resources and industry.