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Poshan abhiyan - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Poshan abhiyan

POSHAN ABHIYAN

What’s in news?

India is unlikely to meet targets set under the ambitious Poshan Abhiyaan.

Key data’s:

  • The report “Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2017”, is a joint initiative of Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The study was published in The Lancet.
  • The target fixed under National Nutrition Mission (NNM) is to reduce the prevalence of stunting, underweight, low birth weight and anaemia in women and children by 2022.
  • As per the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2017, points out that India will miss its target for;
    • Stunting levels of 25% by 9.6%
    • Underweight target of 22.7% by 4.8%
    • Desired low birth level of 11.4% by 8.9%
    • Anaemia level among women of 39.4% by 13.8% and anaemia level among children of 44.7% by 11.7%

Key findings of the report:

  • Malnutrition indicator targets set by NNM for 2022 are aspirational, but the need a high rate of improvement i.e., need an acceleration in existing slow pace to achieve this target.
  • The Poshan Abhiyaan started in 2018, is to accelerate the rate of improvement in the malnutrition indicators above that has been possible previously in India.
  • According to the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-2016),
    • 4% of children under the age of five are stunted
    • 7% are underweight
    • 18% of children were born underweight (less than 2.5 kg)
    • 58% of children between the age of 6-59 months and 53% of women in the age of 14-49 years have anaemia.

POSHAN Abhiyaan:

  • POSHAN abbreviated as “Prime Minister’s Overreaching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment” is a multi- ministerial convergence mission with vision to address malnutrition with a targeted approach by 2022.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan or National Nutrition Mission was launched by the government on March 8, 2018 with a target to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
  • The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to ensure service delivery and interventions by use of technology, behavioural change through convergence and lays-down specific targets to be achieved across different monitoring parameters.

Recent news to know:

Rashtriya Poshan Maah:

Union Government is celebrating the entire month of September as “Rashtriya Poshan Maah” (National Nutrition Month) to emphasise the need for healthy nutrition.

Theme:Complementary Feeding’.

 

Poshan abhiyan

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/poshan-abhiyaan/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nutritional-targets-under-poshan-abhiyaan-aspirational-study/article29461250.ece

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