NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY
What’s in news?
Days after PM Narendra Modi expressed concern about the explosive growth in population, highly placed sources told TNIE a national policy on family planning will soon be unveiled.
- Since the middle of the 20th century, developing countries like India have been facing the problem of unsustainable population growth that had placed a lot of pressure on their development pattern and prosperity.
- The issue of population control was the highlight of this year’s I-Day speech and major policy intervention on this is definitely in the pipeline.
- India is slated to be the most populous nation by the turn of the next decade with the population swelling to 1,452 million in 2025.
- It is currently in the third stage of demographic transition where birth rates are falling but the population continues to grow as 51% is in the reproductive age group.
- The discussion regard this will be on the first meeting between the officials of the Prime Minister’s Office and Aayog.
- Officials with Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare hinted at ways to encourage family planning through both incentives or disincentives.
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee government in 2000 had rejected proposals by a Commission headed by former CJI M N Venkatachaliah on the formulation of Population Control Law.
National Population Policy, 2000 (NPP-2000):
- In February 2000, the government of India came up with the second National Policy on Population.
- For the first time since independence, this document comprehensively addressed the problem of population growth in integration with issues such as child survival, maternal health, women empowerment and contraception.
- The immediate objective of the policy is to offer service delivery in integrated approach to improve reproductive health and child care.
- The mid-term objective of the policy was to maintain a total fertility rate (TFR) as 2.1 children per women as it was considered as the replacement level.
- The long term objective of the policy is to achieve population stabilization by the year 2045.
Various committees on Population Control:
- Before Independence;
- Radha Kamal Mukherjee Committee, 1940
- Bhore Committee, 1943
- After Independence;
- First Five Year Plan (1951-56)
- Second Five Year Plan (1956-61)
- Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-1979)
- National Population Policy 1976 and 1977
Links to note: