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Population policy- Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Population policy

NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY

What’s in news?

Days after PM Narendra Modi expressed concern about the explosive growth in population, highly placed sources told TNIE a national policy on family planning will soon be unveiled.

Key data’s:

  • Since the middle of the 20th century, developing countries like India have been facing the problem of unsustainable population growth that had placed a lot of pressure on their development pattern and prosperity.
  • The issue of population control was the highlight of this year’s I-Day speech and major policy intervention on this is definitely in the pipeline.
  • India is slated to be the most populous nation by the turn of the next decade with the population swelling to 1,452 million in 2025.
  • It is currently in the third stage of demographic transition where birth rates are falling but the population continues to grow as 51% is in the reproductive age group.
  • The discussion regard this will be on the first meeting between the officials of the Prime Minister’s Office and Aayog.
  • Officials with Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare hinted at ways to encourage family planning through both incentives or disincentives.
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee government in 2000 had rejected proposals by a Commission headed by former CJI M N Venkatachaliah on the formulation of Population Control Law.  

National Population Policy, 2000 (NPP-2000):

  • In February 2000, the government of India came up with the second National Policy on Population.
  • For the first time since independence, this document comprehensively addressed the problem of population growth in integration with issues such as child survival, maternal health, women empowerment and contraception.
  • The immediate objective of the policy is to offer service delivery in integrated approach to improve reproductive health and child care.
  • The mid-term objective of the policy was to maintain a total fertility rate (TFR) as 2.1 children per women as it was considered as the replacement level.
  • The long term objective of the policy is to achieve population stabilization by the year 2045.

Various committees on Population Control:

  • Before Independence;
    • Radha Kamal Mukherjee Committee, 1940
    • Bhore Committee, 1943
  • After Independence;
    • First Five Year Plan (1951-56)
    • Second Five Year Plan (1956-61)
    • Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-1979)
    • National Population Policy 1976 and 1977

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/infectious-disease/

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2019/aug/20/national-population-policy-will-soon-be-unveiled-says-niti-aayog-source-2021473.html

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