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Pesticide - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

Union Cabinet has approved the Pesticide Management Bill 2020 to promote the use of organic pesticides in the country.

Key data’s:

  • The Pesticides Management Bill, 2020 aims to replace the existing Insecticides Act of 1968.
  • The bill will empower farmers to get all the information regarding pesticides including their strengths and weaknesses and the risk and alternatives involved, as the data would be made available in open source, in a digital format and in all languages.
  • The bill will also include the provision of compensating the farmers in case of losses due to the use of spurious or low quality of pesticides.
  • The union government may form a central fund to take care of the compensation.
  • The Bill also intends to promote organic pesticides.
  • Registration of Pesticide Manufacturers: All pesticide manufacturers have to be registered and bound by the new Act, once it is passed. The advertisements of pesticides will be regulated so there should be no confusion or no cheating by the manufacturers.

Pesticides in India:

  • India is among the leading producers of pesticides in Asia.
  • In the domestic market, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana are among the states with the highest recorded consumption.

Spurious Pesticides:

  • They harm crop, soil fertility and the environment.
  • Spurious agrochemicals are responsible for the losses of not just farmers but also producers of genuine agrochemicals and the government, which loses revenue from the sales of the counterfeit versions of the real farm inputs.

Insecticides Act, 1968:

  • It was brought into force with effect from August 1971 with a view of regulating the import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides in order to prevent risk to human beings and animals.
  • Central Insecticides Board was established under Section 4 of the Act and it works under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
  • The board advises the central government and state governments on technical matters arising out of the administration of the act and to carry out the other functions assigned to it.

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