Notice: Undefined offset: 1 in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/visitors-online/visitors-online.php on line 425

Notice: Undefined offset: 2 in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/visitors-online/visitors-online.php on line 425
Peace Prize - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Peace Prize

NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

What’s in news?

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for his efforts to resolve the long-running conflict with neighbouring foe Eritrea.

Key data’s:

  • The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who made peace last year with Eritrea, through his efforts to resolve the long-running conflict with the neighbouring country.
  • Mr Abiy’s peace deal with Eritrea ended a 20-year military stalemate following their 1998-2000 border war.
  • He was named as the winner of the 100th Nobel Peace Prize.
  • This is the second year in a row that an African has received the award.
  • Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege shared the prize with Yazidi activist Nadia Murad in 2018 for their work combating sexual violence.
  • Abiy, became prime minister in April’19, after mass protests forced the former prime minister to resign in February’19.
  • The big reason for his selection to his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation.

Background of this issue:

  • Eritrea gained independence from Ethiopia in 1991, but in 1998, a fight over a border town, Badme, erupted into violence that eventually killed about 80,000.
  • The two countries signed a peace agreement in 2000, and called for an independent commission to resolve the future of Badme.
  • In 2002, when the commission awarded the town to Eritrea, Ethiopia balked and demanded further negotiations. Eritrea refused to negotiate unless it was first given Badme.
  • So, the two countries remained locked in a stalemate, marked by occasional flare-ups of violence at the border, for two decades.
  • In June, when Abiy moved to accept the settlement, the barriers between the two countries began to break down.
  • And in September 2018, the two countries reopened crossing points, allowing for trade and travel.
  • Abiy has also mediated other regional political crisis and conflicts, including in Sudan, where he helped broker talks between Sudan’s pro-democracy protesters and the military to reach a power-sharing for a transitional government.
  • The peace agreement with Eritrea has “opened up new opportunities for the region to enjoy security and stability.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/nobel-prize/

https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/nobel-peace-prize-2019-awarded-to-ethiopian-prime-minister-abiy-ahmed-ali-2115231

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.