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Peace Prize - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Peace Prize


What’s in news?

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for his efforts to resolve the long-running conflict with neighbouring foe Eritrea.

Key data’s:

  • The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who made peace last year with Eritrea, through his efforts to resolve the long-running conflict with the neighbouring country.
  • Mr Abiy’s peace deal with Eritrea ended a 20-year military stalemate following their 1998-2000 border war.
  • He was named as the winner of the 100th Nobel Peace Prize.
  • This is the second year in a row that an African has received the award.
  • Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege shared the prize with Yazidi activist Nadia Murad in 2018 for their work combating sexual violence.
  • Abiy, became prime minister in April’19, after mass protests forced the former prime minister to resign in February’19.
  • The big reason for his selection to his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation.

Background of this issue:

  • Eritrea gained independence from Ethiopia in 1991, but in 1998, a fight over a border town, Badme, erupted into violence that eventually killed about 80,000.
  • The two countries signed a peace agreement in 2000, and called for an independent commission to resolve the future of Badme.
  • In 2002, when the commission awarded the town to Eritrea, Ethiopia balked and demanded further negotiations. Eritrea refused to negotiate unless it was first given Badme.
  • So, the two countries remained locked in a stalemate, marked by occasional flare-ups of violence at the border, for two decades.
  • In June, when Abiy moved to accept the settlement, the barriers between the two countries began to break down.
  • And in September 2018, the two countries reopened crossing points, allowing for trade and travel.
  • Abiy has also mediated other regional political crisis and conflicts, including in Sudan, where he helped broker talks between Sudan’s pro-democracy protesters and the military to reach a power-sharing for a transitional government.
  • The peace agreement with Eritrea has “opened up new opportunities for the region to enjoy security and stability.


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