NOBEL PEACE PRIZE
What’s in news?
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for his efforts to resolve the long-running conflict with neighbouring foe Eritrea.
- The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who made peace last year with Eritrea, through his efforts to resolve the long-running conflict with the neighbouring country.
- Mr Abiy’s peace deal with Eritrea ended a 20-year military stalemate following their 1998-2000 border war.
- He was named as the winner of the 100th Nobel Peace Prize.
- This is the second year in a row that an African has received the award.
- Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege shared the prize with Yazidi activist Nadia Murad in 2018 for their work combating sexual violence.
- Abiy, became prime minister in April’19, after mass protests forced the former prime minister to resign in February’19.
- The big reason for his selection to his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation.
Background of this issue:
- Eritrea gained independence from Ethiopia in 1991, but in 1998, a fight over a border town, Badme, erupted into violence that eventually killed about 80,000.
- The two countries signed a peace agreement in 2000, and called for an independent commission to resolve the future of Badme.
- In 2002, when the commission awarded the town to Eritrea, Ethiopia balked and demanded further negotiations. Eritrea refused to negotiate unless it was first given Badme.
- So, the two countries remained locked in a stalemate, marked by occasional flare-ups of violence at the border, for two decades.
- In June, when Abiy moved to accept the settlement, the barriers between the two countries began to break down.
- And in September 2018, the two countries reopened crossing points, allowing for trade and travel.
- Abiy has also mediated other regional political crisis and conflicts, including in Sudan, where he helped broker talks between Sudan’s pro-democracy protesters and the military to reach a power-sharing for a transitional government.
- The peace agreement with Eritrea has “opened up new opportunities for the region to enjoy security and stability.
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